Lesson 46: Gardening



In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: gardening. First, read the following dialogue out loud with your tutor, then switch roles and try again. 

Kevin and Dorothy are talking about gardening.

Do you have a garden at home?
Yes, I do. I have a flower and vegetable garden. My favorite type of garden is a herb garden, but I don’t have one.
That’s great! I want to make a flower garden, but I don’t know what materials I need.
Well, you should start by buying the necessary tools like a spade and trowel.
I already have a watering can and garden hose.
Those are necessary also. Will you use chemical fertilizers?
No, I want my garden to be organic.
Be ready to pull weeds!
Thanks for the advice!
I’m sure you have a green thumb. Your garden will be beautiful.


Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

herb (n) a plant or part of a plant that is used to give flavor to food
My favorite herb is mint.
materials (n – plural) things needed for an activity
The materials needed to draw a picture are a pencil and paper.
spade (n) a small tool made of metal with a sharp edge used to dig or cut
I used a spade to dig a hole for my flowers.
trowel (n) a small tool used to take plants or flowers out of the ground.
I used a trowel to take my dead flowers out of my garden.
watering can (n) a container used to hold water to pour on plants and flowers.

You can buy a watering can at a store that sells garden supplies.

garden hose (n) a type of tube used to put water on flowers and plants
I use a garden hose to water my flowers and grass.
chemical fertilizers (n – plural) chemicals used to help plants and flowers grow; not natural
Chemical fertilizers can be dangerous.
organic (adj) living material used to fertilize flowers and plants
I used organic materials like grass to help my flowers grow.
weeds (n – plural) an unwanted plant that grows with other flowers and plants
My flower garden is full of ugly weeds.
green thumb (idiom) someone who has a natural talent gardening or for growing flowers and plants
My Mom has a green thumb because she always has beautiful flowers.


Practice answering the following questions with your tutors. You can use the sample answers to come up with your own answer.

  1. What kind of gardening do people like?
    1. Some people like rock gardens because they are different.
    2. A lot of people like herb gardens because they use the plants to add flavor to food.
    3. Your answer:
  2. What are some vegetables you can grow in a garden?
    1. There are lots of vegetables, but I like to grow onions and potatoes.
    2. I don’t grow vegetables. I like to grow herbs like cilantro and rosemary.
    3. Your answer:
  3. How much time do you think should be spent working in a garden?
    1. Someone who has a green thumb probably spends 1-2 hours per day gardening.
    2. I think people who have gardens spend 2-3 hours per week.
    3. Your answer:
  4. Why do you think people like flowers?
    1. People like flowers because they are pretty and look nice.
    2. Flowers make a home look nice.
    3. Your answer:
  5. Do you think having gardens makes people happy?
    1. In my opinion, gardening makes people appreciate life.
    2. For some people, gardens are a lot of work and it doesn’t make them happy.
    3. Your answer:


Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. Do you prefer to have a vegetable or flower garden? Why?
  2. Do you think gardening is good for your health? Why or why not?
  3. What flowers are popular in your country?
  4. Why do you think people like gardening?
  5. Do you think people should use chemical fertilizers in their gardens? Why or why not?


Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.



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