This content is recommended for 30~60 minute sessions. Note that tutors may not be familiar with the content. Make sure you consult with your tutor before using this material.
After a quick greeting, read the following article out loud. Your tutor will go over pronunciation if necessary.
[P1] Legendary primatologist Jane Goodall, Ph.D. is featured in this Earth Day Google Doodle delivering an inspiring message that goes way beyond preserving the environment.
[P2] It’s Earth Day, and as with every holiday, Google has marked the occasion by creating an animated Google Doodle on its search page. But this year’s Earth Day Doodle comes with something special: a “message to the citizens of the world” from Jane Goodall, whose work studying chimpanzees changed our understanding of animals and of ourselves.
[P3] “I think I was born loving animals. My whole childhood, really, was animals, animals, animals,” she begins. She goes on to describe a magical moment she experienced in Gombe Stream National Park in Tanzania, where Goodall, now 84, has studied chimpanzees for more than 50 years. It was pouring that day but then all of a sudden the rain stopped. “I could smell the smell of the wet hair on the chimpanzees and I could hear the insects singing loudly and I just felt absolutely at one and it was a sense of awe and wonder,” she recalls.
[P4] “Out in the rain forest you learn how everything is interconnected and each little species, even though it may seem insignificant, has a role to play in this tapestry of life,” she continues. And then, while urging us all to consider our own role on the planet, she says this: “Every single individual matters. Every single individual makes some impact on the planet every single day and we have a choice as to what kind of difference we’re going to make.”
[P5] Every single individual matters. This is the simple insight that led Goodall way beyond anything primate researchers before her had discovered. Most researchers are trained to give the wild animals they study numbers rather than names. That’s meant to ensure that the researchers remain dispassionate observers and don’t let their emotions cloud their scientific judgment. Goodall threw out that practice and was criticized for her habit of giving the chimps she observed names like David Greybeard, Gigi, and Frodo.
[P6] From her insistence on naming them and viewing them as individuals she could relate to, Goodall began overturning the conventional thinking of the time that insisted that animals lack their own personalities. By observing chimps in the wild more closely than anyone had before, she also learned that chimps are not vegetarians–they even practice cannibalism. She saw them hugging, patting, kissing, and tickling each other and other clear signs of human-style affection.
[P7] She also observed that they use tools, for instance by removing the bark from sticks to make them more effective or “fishing” for termites in termite mounds using long stalks of grass. That was big news because scientists had long held that the use of tools was what differentiated human intelligence from that of animals. Louis Leakey, the African scientist who sponsored Goodall’s research wrote in response, “We must now redefine man, redefine tool, or accept chimpanzees as human!”
[P8] Goodall’s observation that every individual matters applies to humans as well, and runs counter to our all-too-human instinct to consider ourselves, our families, and our communities above all others. It’s too easy for Americans to avoid considering that people in other countries matter, or for those with good jobs in wealthy areas to forget that other Americans are struggling in places where the economy isn’t so hot. It’s way too easy for all of us to dismiss the importance of those who don’t look like us, or don’t agree with our ideas, or worship different deities than we do.
[P9] But listen to Goodall: Every one of us matters. Every one of us will have an impact. What do you want your impact to be?
Read the word/expression and definition out loud. Your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.
|tapestry||(n) something made up of different things, people, colors, etc. — often + of
e.g. a tapestry of ideas
|urge||(v) to ask people to do or support (something) in a way that shows that you believe it is very important
e.g. He is continually urging reform.
|dispassionate||(adj) not influenced or affected by emotions
e.g. He spoke in a dispassionate tone about the accident.
|counter (to)||(adj) in an opposite or wrong direction
e.g. values that run counter to those of society
|dismiss||(v) to decide not to think about or consider (something or someone)
e.g. We dismissed his accusations.
Use the following questions as a guideline to help develop an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.
- Summarize the article in your own words.
- What was Goodall’s message to the citizens of the world?
- Why was Goodall’s observation that chimpanzees can use tools a big news?
- What do you want your impact to be? Share your thoughts with your Cambly tutor!