This content is recommended for 30~60 minute sessions. Note that tutors may not be familiar with the content. Make sure you consult with your tutor before using this material.
After a quick greeting, read the following article out loud. Your tutor will go over pronunciation if necessary.
[P1] If you identify as more of an introvert than an extrovert, you’ll know that means you are more energised by spending time on your own, or in very small intimate groups of people you trust. It doesn’t mean you are a hermit or dislike social situations — you just often need time to recharge alone after them.
[P2] This time to regroup is sometimes called an “introvert hangover” because after a lot of social stimulation, whether that’s in a small group or a noisy overstimulated context, an introvert’s nervous system gets overwhelmed.
[P3] Essentially, an introvert brain functions differently than an extrovert brain. An extrovert has a very high threshold for dopamine, so they require constant stimulation. An introvert has a very low threshold, so they reach their limit much sooner.
[P4] Also, while an extrovert can approach an event objectively, an introvert has a lot more going on internally. For example, they notice all sorts of details, are self-conscious about themselves and the mistakes they are making, and draw a lot from their long-term memory bank when speaking. All of this is emotionally exhausting, so it’s no surprise they need to take some time to regroup afterwards.
[P5] But an introvert hangover isn’t exactly a bad thing. For most, it means curling up with a book or a film, or doing a relaxing hobby like drawing.
[P6] “During introvert hangover you can use this time to explore who you are,” Perpetua Neo, a doctor of psychology, told Business Insider. “You can accelerate your professional and personal growth… And the more comfortable you are with telling people I have an introvert hangover, this is the time for myself, I’m blocking these chunks of time dedicated to me, the more you are able to own yourself as an introvert.”
[P7] Introvert hangovers are a good time to reflect on yourself and how much you have achieved. For those who never take this time out, they may not realise the progress they’ve made. So although it’s a requirement for introverts to take time to themselves, it can also be of great benefit to them.
[P8] For some introverts, a hangover means sleeping for long periods of time, and Neo said that’s fine too.
[P9] “When you sleep, you are actually integrating all your memories, discarding all the things you don’t need, and your body is detoxing,” she said. “It also helps you to be wise, to be creative, to spend time on your own projects… It’s really about all the resources you’re going to carve out for that.”
Read the word/expression and definition out loud. Your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.
|hermit||(n) a person who lives in a simple way apart from others especially for religious reason
|threshold||(v) the point or level at which something begins or changes
e.g. I have a low threshold for boredom. [=I get bored easily]
|exhaust||(v) to use all of someone’s mental or physical energy : to tire out or wear out (someone) completely
e.g. If you keep working these long hours, you’re just going to exhaust yourself. = Working these long hours will just exhaust you.
|discard||(v) to throw (something) away because it is useless or unwanted
e.g. Remove and discard the stems.
|carve out||(v) to create (a job, a fortune, a way of life, etc.) for yourself usually through hard work
e.g. She worked hard to carve out a career in education.
Use the following questions as a guideline to help develop an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.
- Summarize the article in your own words.
- What does it mean to be an ‘introvert’?
- What is an introvert hangover?
- Are you an introvert or an extrovert? Share your thoughts with your Cambly tutor!