Topic: Health

Health

Warm-up

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: HealthFirst, go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

medical check-ups an examination of a person made by a doctor to make sure the person is healthy
e.g. I usually go in for a check-up once a year.
healthcare system a system designed to prevent or treat illness, involving doctors, dentists, psychologists, etc.
e.g. It’s important to see if a country’s healthcare system is really helping its people.
Obamacare (the Affordable Care Act) is a healthcare reform law that expands and improves access to healthcare in the US.
hypochondriac a person who is often worried about being ill
e.g. My brother is a real hypochondriac. Every time he reads about some new disease, he thinks he has it.
secondhand smoke smoke from a cigarette, cigar, pipe, etc., that can be inhaled by people who are near the person who is smoking
e.g. Secondhand smoke can be especially harmful to children’s health because their lungs still are developing.
over-the-counter a medicine available for purchase without a special note (called a prescription) from a doctor
e.g. Tylenol is an example of over-the-counter medication.
prescribe to officially tell someone to use (a medicine, therapy, diet, etc.) as a remedy or treatment
e.g. His doctor prescribed a pain reliever after he broke his arm.
FDA(Food and Drug Administration) a part of the US government that tests, approves, and sets standards for foods, drugs, chemicals, and household products
e.g. The new medicine has not yet been approved by the FDA.
acupuncture A method of relieving pain or curing illness by placing needles into a person’s skin at particular points on the body
e.g. Acupuncture is a type of alternative medicine.
benign/malignant cancer Benign cancer is a type of cancer that does not cause death or serious injury. In contrast, malignant cancer is very dangerous, can spread rapidly, and can cause death.

Conversation

Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. What do you do to stay healthy?
  2. Are you worried about your health?
  3. What do you usually do when you get ill?
  4. Describe the medical system in your country. Are you satisfied with the current system? If you are not satisfied, what can be improved?
  5. Do many people smoke in your country?
  6. How do people get medicine in your country?
  7. Which disease causes the most death in your country? What can be done to prevent that disease?
  8. Have you or people you know ever had an operation? Describe what it was like.
  9. What alternative health therapies do you know of? What do you think of them?
  10. Gandhi said, “It is health that is real wealth and not piece of gold and silver.” Do you agree? Share your thoughts with your Cambly tutor!

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

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Topic: Arguing

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Warm-up

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: ArguingFirst, go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Pros and cons arguments for (pro) and against (con)
e.g. We had to discuss all the pros and cons before we bought a house.
Reasoning the process of thinking about something in a logical way in order to form a conclusion or judgment
e.g. the reasoning behind the decision
Devil’s advocate During a discussion or debate, if you play devil’s advocate, you pretend to be against an idea or plan in order to determine the validity of the arguments in favor of it.
e.g. She decided to play devil’s advocate just to see how strongly people felt about the project.
Conform to obey or agree with something
e.g. Employees have to conform to company rules.
Contradict to say the opposite, or to say two statements that do not agree and that cannot both be true
e.g. The witness contradicted herself when she insisted she could identify the thief even though she had said that the night was too foggy to see clearly.
Controversial relating to or causing much discussion, disagreement, or argument
e.g. He is a controversial author because of his political opinions.
Antagonistic showing dislike or opposition
e.g. Many people are antagonistic to the idea of making major changes to the building.
Constructive criticism suggestions that are helpful to someone instead of upsetting and negative
e.g. The teacher offered constructive criticism to improve the short story.
bone to pick If you have a bone to pick with someone, you are annoyed with them and want to talk to them about it.
e.g. Mark wants to see the boss. He says he’s got a bone to pick with her.
pick a fight someone who picks a fight deliberately looks for an opportunity to start a quarrel or begin an argument
e.g. Our new neighbor seizes every occasion to pick a fight.

Conversation

Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. What do you argue the most about with your family or friends?
  2. What are some things people argue intensely over?
  3. Do you often impose your beliefs on others? Why or why not?
  4. Do you think it’s better to argue or just walk away? Why?
  5. What are some things that you cannot compromise on?
  6. How do you feel when someone disagrees with everything you have to say? What about someone who is the opposite?
  7. Do you think it is disrespectful to argue with elderly? Why or why not?
  8. At work, do you often voice your opinion on controversial issues? Describe your experience.
  9. Occasionally, do you enjoy “playing the devil’s advocate” (debating for the fun of it)?
  10. Dale Carnegie said, “The only way to get the best of an argument is to avoid it.” Do you agree? Share your thoughts with your Cambly tutor!

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

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Topic: The United States

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Warm-up

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: The United States. First, go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expat (expatriate) a person temporarily or permanently residing, as an immigrant, in a country other than that of their citizenship. The word comes from the Latin terms ex (“out of”) and patria (“country, fatherland”).
e.g. Expat life is great, but it limits one’s exposure to their own local culture.
NRA (National Rifle Association) The National Rifle Association of America is an American nonprofit organization which advocates for gun rights.
Netflix A global provider of streaming movies and TV series that has over 75 million subscribers as of 2016. Netflix started as an American DVD-by-mail service in 1998 and began streaming in 2007.
e.g. Netflix and chill
American Football American football is a sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end.
Hip-hop A sub-cultural movement that formed during the early 1970s by African-American youths residing in the South Bronx in New York City.
James Dean James Byron Dean was an American actor. He is a cultural icon of teenage disillusionment and social estrangement, as expressed in the title of his most celebrated film, Rebel Without a Cause, in which he starred as a troubled teenager: Jim Stark.
The Great Gatsby The Great Gatsby is a 1925 novel written by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows a cast of characters living in the fictional town of West Egg on prosperous Long Island in the summer of 1922.
Open Primary a primary election in which voters are not required to declare party affiliation (such as Democrat or Republican).
Federal government The federal government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively.
Pax Americana Pax Americana (Latin for “American Peace”, modeled after Pax Britannica and Pax Romana) is a term applied to the concept of relative peace in the Western Hemisphere and later the world as a result of the preponderance of power enjoyed by the United States beginning around the middle of the 20th century.

Conversation

Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. What are some things in your country that have been introduced from the US? What do you think of them?
  2. Have you ever been to the US? If you have, describe your experience. If you haven’t, do you want to visit someday? Why or why not?
  3. What do you think of the role that the US plays as one of the most powerful countries in the world? What do you think of the term Pax Americana?
  4. What do you think of American pop culture? Can you name some parts of it?
  5. What do you think about the lifestyle in the US?
  6. What are three things you admire about the US? Why do you admire these things?
  7. How are Americans often stereotyped in your country?
  8. What do you think about safety in the US?
  9. Do you think the US will move in a more positive direction in the future? Why or why not?
  10. What is your country’s relationship with the US these days?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

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