TOEFL Q7: Spending Money

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question one from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the question below out loud with the tutor.

One of your friends has recently received a lot of money. How do you suggest that your friend use the money? Include specific details and reasons in your response.


Preparation time: 15 seconds l Response time: 45 seconds

Warm-up

Choose a question at random from the list below. Answer the question right away without making notes. Try to speak for at least 10 seconds.

  • What are two things you would like to buy if you had a lot of money? I would like to buy a big apartment in the middle of Seoul. I would also like to buy an expensive sports car, such as a Porsche.
  • What are some of the most expensive things people must pay for in their lives?
  • How can you use that money to make more money?

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. Introduction
    • I would suggest that my friend saves the money
  2. Come up with supporting ideas
    • put money into a savings account
    • can prepare for the future
    • money can earn interest
    • can also earn more money
    • pay for college
    • put down money for an apartment
  3. Come up with details to explain two of your supporting ideas
    • prepare for the future: She could use the money to pay for an apartment when she is older.
    • earn more money: She can put the money into a savings account and earn interest.

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

If one of my friends received a lot of money, I would suggest that she save the money. One reason is that she could prepare for the future. For example, my friend could use the money to pay for an apartment when she is older. Saving the money is also a good idea because my friend can earn more money. She can put the money into a savings account and earn interest. Overall, I feel that it is best for my friend to save the money.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
savings account (n) a bank account in which people keep money that they want to save
e.g. She opened a savings account.
interest (n) money paid to you by a bank for the money you have in a bank account
e.g. He made about $500 in interest last year.
retirement (n) the act of ending your working or professional career : the act of retiring
e.g. She decided to take an early retirement.
parvenu (n) a person from usually a low social position who has recently or suddenly become wealthy, powerful or successful but who is not accepted by other wealthy, powerful and successful people
e.g. He was a rich parvenu who brought his son at an early age to Paris.
squander (v) to use (something) in a foolish or wasteful way
e.g. She squandered her inheritance.
donate (v) to give (money, food, clothes, etc.) in order to help a person or organization
e.g. We donated our old clothes to charity.
charity (n) the act of giving money, food or other kinds of help to people who are poor, sick, etc.
e.g. The holidays are a time for charity and goodwill.
stock (n) a share of the value of a company which can be bought, sold or traded as an investment
e.g. The value of his stocks soared.
real estate (n) property consisting of buildings and land
e.g. He sells real estate.
tuition (fee) (n) money that is paid to a school for the right to study there
e.g. Her uncle agreed to pay part of her tuition.
cambly-practice-button2

TOEFL Q11: A Club Meeting

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question five from the TOEFL speaking test. Listen to a short conversation.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

W: Hey Jason, I heard that the famous environmentalist, Willian Jefferson, is going to give a speech at your club meeting. I can’t wait to listen to his lecture.

M: Don’t get your hopes up. Mr. Jefferson just called me and said that he might not be able to attend the meeting.

W: Oh no, what are you going to do?

M: I’m not sure. The meeting is tomorrow, and I don’t think I can find a replacement.

W: Hmm, you know, I have a friend who works as an environmentalist. Maybe she could give a speech instead? She isn’t famous, though.

M: Yeah, maybe that could work.

W: Or you could rent a documentary from the library. I know they have this fascinating documentary about river pollution. I think it would be perfect to show during the meeting.

M: That’s not a bad idea. I’ll think about it and let you know what I decide.

Question

The woman discusses two possible solutions to the man’s problem. Describe the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.


Preparation time: 20 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to explain the main idea of the conversation.

Guideline
The Problem The man’s problem is that the speaker for his club’s meeting __. He is worried that he will not be able to find a __.
Solution 1 The woman says that her __ can give a speech.
Reason Her friend is also an __.
Solution 2 Next, the woman recommends renting a __ from the library.
Reason They have a film about __. It would be __ to show during the meeting.

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. State the problem
    • The man needs to find a speaker for his club meeting.
  2. What are the pros and cons of solution 1?
    • ProHer friend is an environmentalist
    • ConShe is not famous
  3. What are the pros and cons of solution 2?
    • ProRent a documentary on river pollution
    • ConIt’s not a speaker (different format)
  4.  Your opinion
    • I think the man should rent a documentary
  5. Come up with two reasons to back your opinion
    • It’s about river pollution
    • It should be interesting to the man’s club

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

Solution 1: In the conversation, an environmentalist cannot attend the man’s club meeting. The woman gives two possible solutions to the man’s problem. She suggests that her friend gives a speech or for the man to rent a documentary from the library. Of the two solutions, I prefer the first one. The woman’s friend is an environmentalist. She can give an informed speech at the man’s club meeting. She can also answer any questions the club members might have. For these reasons, I think the woman’s first suggestion is better.

Solution 2: The man in the dialog needs to find a speaker for his club meeting. The woman first recommends that her friend give a speech at the meeting or for the man to rent a documentary from the library. I like the second solution better. The man can rent the video quickly and be ready to show it right away. On top of this, the film is about river pollution, so it should be interesting to the man’s club. Overall, I feel the man should follow the woman’s second suggestion.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
environmentalist (n) a person who is concerned about the environment
e.g. Ma Jun, a leading Chinese environmentalist, confirmed genuine changes appear to be taking place.
rent (v) to borrow; to check out
e.g. Do you want to rent a movie tonight?
club (n) a group of people who meet to participate in an activity
e.g. He attended an exclusive social club.
documentary (n) a program that tells facts about actual people and events
e.g. We watched a documentary on the early history of jazz.
attend (v) to be present at an event
e.g. My husband and I will both attend the banquet.
fascinating (adj) very interesting or appealing
e.g. Her paintings are fascinating.
replacement (n) something that takes the place of another thing
e.g. Is your old dictionary in need of replacement? [=do you need a new dictionary?]
pollution (n) dirt; litter; smog
e.g. Industrial practices have caused air and water pollution.
recommend (v) to say that (someone or something) is good and deserves to be chosen
e.g. A friend recommended this restaurant.
give a speech (exp) talk in front of an audience
e.g. Steve Jobs gave a speech at the Stanford commencement.
cambly-practice-button2

TOEFL Q6: Plant Biology

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question six from the TOEFL speaking test. Listen to a short lecture.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

Have you ever wondered why some trees shed their leaves during the winter? This occurs for many reasons, but the main reasons trees do this is to protect themselves. You know, most trees that lose their leaves are in cold climates. During the long cold winters, the air becomes very dry. This causes the leaves of trees also to become dry. To keep the leaves alive, the trees have to give them a lot of moisture. The problem with this is that trees could lose too much moisture and die. So instead of giving moisture to the leaves, the trees keep the moisture inside. They keep it in their trunks and branches. After a while, the leaves start to die. As the leaves die, they fall to the ground around the trees. When this happens, the leaves actually help the trees survive. How you may ask? Well, the leaves form the protective layer around the roots of the trees. This allows the roots to stay warm. So, by losing their leaves the trees are able to live through the winter.

Question

Using points and examples from the talk, explain why trees shed their leaves.


Preparation time: 20 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to summarize the lecture.

Guideline
Topic In this lecture, the professor explains why trees __. She claims that trees do this to protect themselves.
Detail 1 During the winter, the leaves need a lot of __. If the trees give moisture to the leaves, they might __. So they keep moisture inside their trunks and __.
Detail 2 The leaves die and fall __. This creates a __ that protects the roots of the trees.
Keywords cold climate, air becomes dry, moisture, protect the root

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

The lecture mainly discusses why trees shed leaves during winter. According to the speaker, trees do this to protect themselves. During the winter, trees use a lot of moisture to keep their leaves alive. If the trees lose too much moisture, they can die. So they keep their moisture inside their trunks and branches. This causes leaves to die. As they fall to the ground, they form a protective layer over the roots of the trees. Together, these factors allow the trees to survive through a long, cold winter.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
shed (v) to fall off; to drop out
e.g. The dog is shedding its fur.
protect (v) to keep from being damaged or injured; to defend
e.g. He had no raincoat to protect himself from the rain.
moisture (n) wetness
e.g. These flowers grow best with moisture and shade.
trunk (n) the main part of a tree
e.g. The trunk of this tree has a radius of 1 foot. 
branch (n) part of a tree that grows out of the trunk
e.g. A large tree branch fell into our yard during the storm.
survive (n) to live
e.g. I don’t see how any creature can survive under those conditions.
layer (n) one thickness of something over another
e.g. Everything was covered by a thin layer of sand.
root (n) the part of a plant that is underground
e.g. Elm trees have shallow roots.
bark (n) the outer covering of a tree
e.g. He picked up a piece of birch bark.
foliage (n) the leaves of a plant or of many plants
e.g. She admired a tree with pretty foliage.
cambly-practice-button2

TOEFL Q5: Paper vs. Work

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question five from the TOEFL speaking test. Listen to a short conversation.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

M: You looked stressed out, Melissa. Is something the matter?

W: It’s just that I have to finish my paper for my sociology class. It’s due tomorrow morning, and I barely started working on it.

M: So why don’t you start working on it now? If you work hard the rest of the day, I think you can finish on time.

W: But there is a problem. I’m supposed to work at the restaurant tonight.

M: Then call your manager and explain the situation. Missing one day of work is not a big deal.

W: Yeah, but I’ve already missed a lot of work lately. If I take another day off, then I might lose my job.

M: In that case, you just have to write your paper after work. You might have to pull an all-nighter, but at least you’ll get it done.

W: But if I have to do that, I might not be able to concentrate well. Then my grade will suffer.

M: Well, you have to decide whether keeping your job or getting a good grade is more important.

Question

The man discusses two possible solutions to the woman’s problem. Describe the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.


Preparation time: 20 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to explain the student’s problem and the solutions offered.

Guideline
The Problem The woman’s problem is that she must __ by the next morning. However, she has to __ at her job tonight.
Solution 1 The man suggests that the woman __ and explain the situation.
Reason He says that missing one day of work is not __.
Solution 2 The man also suggests that the woman writes the paper __.
Reason She will have to pull __, but she will finish her paper on time.

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. State the problem
    • the woman must finish her paper but she has work in the evening
  2. What are the pros and cons of the solution 1?
    • Pro: She can work on her essay
    • Con: She could get fired
  3. What are the pros and cons of the solution 2?
    • ProShe gets to keep her job and finish her essay
    • ConShe might not be able to concentrate
  4.  Your opinion
    • Solution 2 is better
  5. Come up with two reasons to back your opinion
    • She can still finish her paper and keep her job
    • Pulling one all-nighter is not a big deal

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

Solution 1: The students are discussing a problem the woman is having. The woman has to finish her sociology homework by tomorrow morning. However, she must work in the evening. The man suggests that the woman call the manager and say that she cannot come to work. He also recommends going to work and writing the paper afterward. Personally, I believe that the first solution is better. The woman’s manager knows that she is a student. So, he should understand her situation. And as the man says, missing one day of work is not a big deal.

Solution 2: The woman’s problem is that she has to finish her essay by tomorrow but she has to work in the evening. The man suggests that she call the manager or that she finish the paper after work. I believe the woman should follow the man’s advice to write the essay after work. The woman has already missed many days of work. So if she misses work again, she might lose her job. In addition, the woman will still be able to finish her paper if she pulls an all-nighter and works hard. Overall, the second solution is better because the woman can keep her job and finish her paper.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
due (adj) expected to be done at a certain time
e.g. When is the assignment due? [=when are you supposed to give the completed assignment to your teacher?]
barely (adv) by a very little; hardly
e.g. I barely recognized you with your hair cut short.
rest of~ (n) the remainder of something
e.g. He would regret that decision for the rest of his life.
on time (exp) at the expected time
e.g. I paid all of my bills on time [=when they were due] this month.
situation (n) a circumstance; a condition
e.g. He’s in a dangerous situation.
miss (v) to fail to do something
e.g. She could have joined us, but she missed her chance.
big deal (exp) something of great importance
e.g. The party was a big deal.
all-nighter (n) a night during which someone does not sleep
e.g. I have to finish this by morning, so I guess tonight will be another all-nighter.
concentrate (v) to think about something
e.g. All that noise makes it hard to concentrate.
suffer (v) to become worse
e.g. Their relationship suffered because of her work.
cambly-practice-button2

TOEFL Q4: Sampling Bias

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question four from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the text below out loud with the tutor.

Sampling Bias

Statistical surveys are an important way of gathering information about large groups of people. However, some surveys do not include all of the members of a group. When this happens, it is called sampling bias. Sampling bias often occurs because a small number of survey methods are used. The main problem of sampling bias is that it often produces results that are incorrect.


Reading time: 45 seconds

Listening

Listen to a short lecture related to the reading.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

Now I want to tell you how sampling bias led to one embarrassing news story about the 1948 presidential election. On the night of the election, one newspaper wrote on its front page that Thomas Dewey defeated President Truman in the election. The newspaper wrote this story before the votes were counted. How did the newspaper come up with this headline? It conducted a survey. The problem with the survey was that it was only done over the telephone. Back then, only rich people had telephones. And rich people were more likely to vote for Dewey. But most people wanted to vote for Truman. Since they did not have telephones, not all were not included in the survey. Because of this, the survey was completely wrong. President Truman won the election over Dewey by a huge margin.

Question

The professor explains sampling bias by giving one example. Explain the example and how it explains the concept of sampling bias.


Preparation time: 30 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to explain the main idea and the key points of the lecture.

Guideline
Topic The main idea of the lecture is the __
Detail 1 The professor explains that one newspaper incorrectly wrote that Dewey __ in the election. The newspaper wrote this story based on a __.
Detail 2 The survey was done __, so it only included rich people. These people were more likely to __. Therefore, the survey results were __.

Synthesize

Give a brief spoken response to the questions based on the announcement and the conversation.

  1. What is the main problem with sampling bias?
    •   The main problem with sampling bias is that it produces __. 
  2. What was the survey method talked about in the lecture?
    • The survey method talked about in the lecture was __.
  3. How did this survey method affect the results of the survey?
    • This method affected the results by including only __.

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer
The professor explains the sampling bias through one embarrassing news story. Sampling bias is when a survey does not include a certain group of people. It usually creates skewed results. To explain sampling bias, the professor talks about the 1948 presidential election. He explains that one newspaper said that Thomas Dewey beat President Truman in the election. This story was based on a survey that was conducted over the telephone. At that time, only rich people had a telephone and they were more likely to vote for Dewey. Consequently, the result of the survey was completely wrong.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
survey (n) a collection of opinions that represents the opinions of many
e.g. The survey revealed some surprising tendencies among the population.
produce (v) to bring forth; to develop
e.g. He has produced many albums.
election (n) the act of choosing a leader
e.g. They voted in the presidential election.
vote (v) to decide on a leader
e.g. Citizens will vote today for their new governor.
gather (v) to bring things together into a group; to collect
e.g. The children gathered their toys together and put them away.
headline (n) the title of a newspaper article
e.g. The story of his arrest appeared beneath the headline “Caught!”
include (v) to put in a group; to contain
e.g. Admission to the museum is included in the tour package.
conduct (v) to carry out; to control
e.g. Scientists conducted research experiments
poll (n) an activity in which several or many people are asked a question or a series of questions in order to get information about what most people think about something
e.g. A recent poll shows a decrease in the number of teenagers who smoke.
margin (n) an extra amount
e.g. They paid attention to the safety margin.
cambly-practice-button2

TOEFL Q3: Library Reducing Book Collection

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question three from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the text below out loud with the tutor.

Library to Reduce the Number of Books

During the upcoming school year, the library is going to reduce the size of its book collection. Thousands of the library’s books sit on the shelves without ever being used. Therefore, we will make the book section smaller. This will allow us to make the student computer center larger. As a result, more students will be able to use computers in the library during exam periods.


Reading time: 45 seconds

Listening

Listen to a short conversation related to the reading.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

Man: I read in the paper that the university library is going to get rid of many of its books. Personally, I think this is a terrible idea.

Woman: Why is that?

M: I like having a huge selection of books available. That has helped me study for my classes.

W:  I have to completely disagree with you. Getting rid of books that nobody ever uses is a smart move. They are just wasting spaces in the library. The space could be used to create new study areas for students.

M: But if they get rid of the books, how can students do research?

W: These days, most students prefer to do their research on the internet. By making the computer center larger, more students will be able to do schoolwork during busy times.

M: That’s a good point. Maybe getting rid of the books is not such a bad idea after all.

Question

The woman expresses her opinion about the university’s plan. Explain her opinion and the reasons she gives for holding it.


Preparation time: 30 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to explain the woman’s opinion about the announcement.

Guideline
Main Idea The woman feels that the university’s plan is a __.
Reason 1 She believes that the books are __ in the library. The space could be used to make new __ for students.
Reason 2 She also mentions that most students __ doing their research online. By making the computer center __, more students will be able to do their __ during busy times.

Synthesize

Give a brief spoken response to the questions based on the announcement and the conversation.

  1. What is the man’s reaction to the announcement?
    •  The man feels that the plan __
  2. What is the woman’s reaction to the announcement?
    • The woman feels differently than the man by saying that the plan is a __.
  3. How can students benefit from the plan?
    • Students can benefit because the computer center __.

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer
The man and the woman are talking about the university’s plan to get rid of many of its books. The woman supports the plan. She explains that the books not used by students are simply a waste of space in the library. She feels that the library could use this space to create a new study area for students. The woman also mentions that most students choose to do their research online. Furthermore, the woman believes that more students will be able to do their school work during busy times if the computer center is larger.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
archive (n) a place in which public records or historical materials (such as documents) are kept
e.g. He read an archive of historical manuscripts.
cubicle (n) a work space in a large office with a desk that is usually surrounded by low walls
e.g. She works in an office cubicle.
circulation (n) the act of passing something (such as money, information, etc.) from person to person or place to place
e.g. This book is not meant for circulation.
fieldwork (n) the work of gathering information by going into the field
e.g. The anthropologist has done fieldwork in the South Pacific.
dissertation (n) a long piece of writing about a particular subject that is done to earn an advanced degree at a university
e.g. He wrote his dissertation on an obscure 16th-century poet.
workstation (n) a computer that is connected to a computer network
e.g. There are two workstations connected to a scanner.
carrel (n) a small recess or enclosed area in a library stack, designed for individual study or reading
e.g. I reserved a carrel for you in the study hall.
depository (n) a place where something is put so that it can be kept safe
e.g. He visited a book depository.
lecture hall (n) a large room where lectures are given
e.g. The lecture hall can hold 500 people.
auditorium (n) a large room or building where people gather to watch a performance, hear a speech, etc.
e.g. The lecture will be at the main auditorium.
cambly-practice-button2

TOEFL Q2: Household Chores

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question two from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the question below out loud with the tutor.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should receive money for doing household chores. Include specific details and reasons in your response.


Preparation time: 15 seconds l Response time: 45 seconds

Warm-up

Choose a question at random from the list below. Answer the question right away without making notes. Try to speak for at least 10 seconds.

  • What kinds of chores do you usually do? I usually clean my room and take out the garbage.
  • How can paying children to do chores motivate them to work harder?
  • Why do you think some parents do not pay their children for doing chores?

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. Brainstorm before you choose your position
    • Agree:
      • money is a reason to work hard
      • children do not like doing chores
    • Disagree:
      • everybody should help out
      • adults don’t get paid for doing chores
  2. Choose your position
    • Agree: Children should get paid for doing household chores
  3. Come up with 2 reasons to back up your argument
    • Children usually do not have a chance to learn the value of hard work
    • Teaches about rewards
  4.  Give a concrete example of one of the reasons
    • For instance, my parents gave me an allowance for cleaning up my room. I learned how to organize my room and also learned the value of hard work.
  5. Conclude with your argument
    • It is important to teach children about the value of hard work.

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

Agree: I agree that children should receive money for doing household chores. First, giving money to children for doing chores can encourage them to work hard. Not many children like doing chores. Paying children gives them a reason to help out. Children can also learn about the idea of rewards. Children learn that doing work allows them to get financial rewards. This is a very important lesson in life, so it is important to teach children about the value of hard work.

Disagree: To me, parents should not have to reward their children money for doing chores. First of all, children must learn that everyone in the family needs to take responsibility for doing chores. They need to understand that all family members need to contribute. Paying children for chores is giving them special treatment. Adults also do chores but do not receive any financial reward. Therefore, children should not receive money for doing chores.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions

chore (n) a small job that is done regularly
e.g. The children were each assigned different household chores.
dusting (n) the act of making something clean by brushing or wiping away dirt and dust from the surface
e.g. The table needs dusting.
sweeping (n) an act of cleaning an area with a broom or brush
e.g. The porch needs a good sweeping.
laundry (n) clothes, towels, sheets, etc., that need to be washed or that have been washed
e.g. There’s a pile of dirty laundry in the laundry basket.
making bed (idiom) to restore order to the bedclothes on one’s own bed
e.g. Jimmy, you are old enough to make your own bed.
mop (n/v) a tool for cleaning floors that has a bundle of cloth or yarn or a sponge attached to a long handle; to clean (a floor) with a mop
e.g. The kitchen floor needs to be mopped.
vacuuming (n) to clean (something) with a vacuum cleaner
e.g. I vacuumed [=(Brit) hoovered] the living room.
do someone a favor (idiom) to perform a helpful service to someone
e.g. My neighbor did me a favor by lending me his car.
run errands (idiom) to take a short trip to do a specific thing; to complete an errand
e.g. John is running some errands. He’ll be back shortly.
allowance (n) chiefly US : a small amount of money that is regularly given to children by their parents
e.g. Each of their children gets a weekly allowance of five dollars.
cambly-practice-button2

TOEFL Q1: Good Friend

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question one from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the question below out loud with the tutor.

What do you think are the most important qualities of a friend in a strong relationship? Include specific details and reasons in your response.


Preparation time: 15 seconds l Response time: 45 seconds

Warm-up

Choose a question at random from the list below. Answer the question right away without making notes. Try to speak for at least 10 seconds.

  • What do you like most about your best friend? My best friend is Jim. He is my classmate and is very kind to everyone.
  • What is one thing you would change about your best friend?
  • What are some things you talk about with your friends?

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. Introduction
    • There are many important qualities that a friend must have, but there are two things that I care about the most.
  2. Come up with supporting ideas
    • be able to keep secrets
    • always there to help
    • is trustworthy
    • supportive during difficult times
    • always tells the truth
    • shares common interest
  3. Come up with details to explain two of your supporting ideas
    • trustworthiness: I want to be able to share many things from my life with my friend
    • common interest: I want to enjoy spending time with my friend

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

There are many important qualities that a friend must have, but there are two things that I care about the most. First is trustworthiness. I want to be able to share many things from my life, but I can only do that when I can trust him or her. Another important quality is having common interests. I want to be able to enjoy spending time with my friend, and having an activity or interest we both appreciate is important.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions

dependable (adj) able to be trusted to do or provide what is needed : able to be depended on
e.g. He’s the team’s most dependable [=consistent] player.
loyal (adj) having or showing complete and constant support for someone or something
e.g. She has provided the company with many years of loyal service.
genuine (adj) actual, real, or true : not false or fake
e.g. The signature is genuine. [=authentic]
forgiving (adj) able or willing to forgive someone or something
e.g. He is a person with a forgiving nature.
judgmental (adj) disapproving: tending to judge people too quickly and critically
e.g. He’s judgmental about everyone except himself.
sensitive (adj) easily upset by the things that people think or say about you
e.g. He acts like a tough guy, but he’s really very sensitive to criticism.
generous (adj) freely giving or sharing money and other valuable things
e.g. He was generous with both his time and his money.
encouraging (adj) causing a hopeful feeling
e.g. We’ve just heard some encouraging news.
root for someone (idiom) support
e.g. Best friends always root for each other.
sympathetic (adj) feeling or showing concern about someone who is in a bad situation : having or showing feelings of sympathy
e.g. He received much help from sympathetic friends.
cambly-practice-button2