TOEFL Q10: Promotions

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question four from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the text below out loud with the tutor.

Promotions

Nearly all businesses spend a great deal of time and money to influence the buying habits of their customers. One of the most effective ways a business can do this is through promotions. Several types of promotions are common. These include advertising campaigns, special discounts, and product placement. The desired result of promotions is to attract more customers. In turn, this helps businesses generate more income.


Reading time: 45 seconds

Listening

Listen to a short lecture related to the reading.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

Alright, so we know that businesses have several ways to shape their buying habits. Today, I want to talk about one particular strategy, promotions. You see, good promotions are essential for the success of a business. Let me illustrate this with an example. I have a friend who owns a restaurant. His restaurant is quite successful. He always has a lot of customers at dinnertime. In fact, customers usually have to wait in line just to be seated. But he had a problem; his restaurant never had any customers before dinnertime. So, to solve this problem, my friend came up with a promotion. He created an early-bird dinner special. Can you guess what happened? That’s right; he was able to attract many customers during the late afternoon with his promotion. So, as you can see, promotions help a business make more money by bringing in more customers.

Question

The professor explains business promotions by giving one example. Describe the example and how it explains the concept of business promotions.


Preparation time: 30 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to explain the main idea and the key points of the lecture.

Guideline
Topic The main topic of the discussion is __
Detail 1  The lecturer first talks about a friend who __. His friend always has a lot of customers __. However, the friend did not have many customers __.
Detail 2
 To solve this problem, the friend created a __. This __ many customers to the restaurant before dinnertime. In this way, businesses can __ more customers and make __.

Synthesize

Give a brief spoken response to the questions based on the announcement and the conversation.

  1. How do promotions help businesses make more money?
    • Promotions help businesses make more money by __.
  2. What type of promotion was described by the lecturer?
    • He talked about an early bird special, which is a __.
  3. What was the result of the promotion discussed in the lecture?
    • The promotion discussed in the lecture attracted __ to the restaurant before dinnertime.

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer
The reading passage states that businesses use promotions to attract more customers and to generate more income. The lecturer explains this idea by mentioning his friend’s restaurant. The restaurant always has many customers at dinnertime. However, it did not have many customers before dinnertime. To solve this problem, the lecturer’s friend created an early bird dinner special promotion. The plan attracted many customers to the restaurant before dinnertime. So the promotion was a success. This example shows how promotions can bring in more customers and therefore make more money.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
a great deal (exp) very many; several
e.g.  He offered me a great deal of money.
influence (v) to change something in an indirect way
e.g. I was greatly influenced by my parents.
shape (v) to affect the development of
e.g. Schools shape the minds of future leaders.
habit (n) a usual way of behaving
e.g. He got into some bad habits after graduating from college.
effective (adj) producing a result that is wanted
e.g. The drugs were effective in the treatment of the disease.
campaign (n) a series of activities designed to produce a specific result
e.g. He ran the election campaign. [=a campaign to win a political election]
attract (v) to catch the attention of someone
e.g. Her comment attracted criticism.
particular (adj) specific; exact
e.g. Some lawyers are limited to one particular area of law.
strategy (n) a plan used to achieve a goal
e.g. The government is developing innovative strategies to help people without insurance get medical care.
come up with (phr v) to think of something
e.g. Can you come up with the right answer?
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TOEFL Q9: Housing Policy Change

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question three from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the text below out loud with the tutor.

Housing Policy Change for All Incoming Freshmen

State University students:
Over the past school year, several juniors and seniors have moved out of on-campus housing. This has greatly reduced the school’s income. To make up for this, all incoming freshmen will be required to live in the dormitories. The university will provide freshmen with special services. These include free use of laundry machines, study groups and sports teams. I thank you for your cooperation in this matter.

Sincerely,
Dr. Patricia Levine, President


Reading time: 45 seconds

Listening

Listen to a short conversation related to the reading.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

W: Did you receive that email about the housing problem from the school president?

M: Yes, I read it this morning.

W: I didn’t realize the school’s financial problems were so serious. But it seems that this plan is the best way to solve the problem.

M: I’m not so sure of that.

W: What do you mean?

M: Well, not all of the incoming students will want to live in the dorms. Maybe they want to live with their parents and save money. If that’s the case, then these students will not enroll at our university. Then there won’t be enough new students for the school’s plan to work.

W: I see what you’re saying. How can the school solve its financial problems then?

M: I think they should lower the price of the dorms. They’re too expensive. That’s why the older students moved out. If they make the dorms less expensive, then more students will live in them.

Question

The man expresses his opinion about the announcement. Explain his opinion and the reasons he gives for holding it.


Preparation time: 30 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to explain the main idea of the conversation.

Guideline
Main Idea In the man’s opinion, the school ’s plan may not be the __ to solve the problem.
Reason 1 He worries that not all of the __ will want to live in the dorms. Therefore, they might not __ at the university. If that happens, then the school will not make __.
Reason 2
 The man also feels that the dorms are __. By making the dorms __, more students will __ in them.

Synthesize

Give a brief spoken response to the questions based on the text and the conversation.

  1. What is the man’s reaction to the announcement?
    • The man disagrees with the woman. He is not sure that the plan __.
  2. Why does the university want all freshmen to live in the dormitories?
    • They want the freshmen to live in the dorms in order to make up for their __.
  3. Why does the man think this plan will fail?
    • He feels this way because many incoming students will not want to __.

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer
The speakers are discussing the university’s housing policy change. The woman thinks the plan is a good idea. However, the man is not sure it will work. His first concern is that many incoming students will not want to live in the dorms. Consequentially, they will not enroll in the university. If this happens, then the university’s plan will not work. Therefore the man thinks that the school should make the dorms less expensive. If the dorms are less expensive, then more students will choose to live in them.

Further Study

Have more time? Here is a list of common vocabulary words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
policy (n) a set of rules or ideas about how to do something
e.g. Each employee is given a handbook on company policy.
provide (v) to make something available; to give
e.g. The website provides information about local activities.
income (n) money that is earned from work
e.g. Farming is his main source of income.
cooperation (n) the act of working together to do something
e.g. We are asking for your full cooperation.
required (adj) needed; essential
e.g. The truck driver carries a special license, as the law requires him to do. = The truck driver carries a special license, as required by law.
financial (adj) related to money
e.g. The family is struggling with financial problems.
serious (adj) having an important or dangerous result
e.g. Crime is a serious problem in this neighborhood.
incoming (adj) arriving at or coming to a place
e.g. All incoming phone calls are monitored for quality control.
dormitory (n) a building at a school campus where students can live
e.g. The college dormitory [=dorm, residence hall] is very expensive to live in.
enroll (v) to enter as a member or participant
e.g. They enrolled their children in a private school.
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TOEFL Q8: Newspapers vs TV

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question two from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the question below out loud with the tutor.

Is it better to get news from newspapers and magazines, or is it better to get news from television? Use specific reasons and examples to support your preference.


Preparation time: 15 seconds l Response time: 45 seconds

Warm-up

Choose a question at random from the list below. Answer the question right away without making notes. Try to speak for at least 10 seconds.

  • Which types of news stories do you like to read about? I like reading world news, Korean news and technology news.
  • What is one advantage of newspapers and magazines?
  • What is one advantage of television news?

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. Brainstorm before you choose your position
    • Reading Newspapers and Magazines:
      • usually have more detailed coverage
      • more specific information
      • specialty publications
      • a greater variety of news stories
      • can better understand news stories
      • world news, economic news, video games
    • Watching Television:
      • can do other activities while watching 
      • can save time
      • film events as they occur
      • see the day’s main stories in a few minutes
      • able to see news stories
      • reporters interview people
  2. Choose your position
    • Reading Newspapers and Magazines: It is much better to get news from newspapers and magazines.
  3. Come up with two reasons to back up your argument
    • More details
    • Variety of coverage
  4.  Give a concrete example of one of the reasons
    • Includes worlds news, economic news, and even video games
  5. Conclude with your argument
    • I would much rather get news from newspapers and magazines

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

Reading Newspapers and Magazines: In my opinion, it is much better to get news from newspapers and magazines. One reason is their greater detail. Most newspaper and magazine articles have a lot of specific information. This allows me to understand news stories better. Another reason I prefer newspapers and magazines is their variety. Newspapers and magazines cover many different kinds of stories. These include world news, economic news and even video games. Considering this, I would much rather get news from newspapers and magazines.

Watching Television: I prefer to watch television for my news for two reasons. First, television news lets me actually see news stories. News reporters can go live on the scene of breaking news stories. They interview people for news events and film them as they happen. I also enjoy watching the news on television because it saves time. Television news covers the day’s news in just a few minutes. Even though newspapers and magazines have their advantages, I prefer watching television for my news.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
coverage (n) the activity of reporting about an event or subject in newspapers, on television news programs, etc.
e.g. The issue is not getting much coverage in the mainstream press.
publication (n) the act or process of producing a book, magazine, etc. and making it available to the public
e.g. My novel has been accepted for publication. [=my book will be published and sold to the public]
go live (exp) to be broadcast while it is happening
e.g. Suddenly the program was interrupted and went live to the White House for the announcement that the president had died.
breaking news (exp) a current issue that broadcasters feel warrants the interruption of scheduled programming and/or current news in order to report its details
e.g. CNN’s broadcast switched to breaking news about the presidential election results.
column (n) an article in a newspaper or magazine that appears regularly and that is written by a particular writer or deals with a particular subject
e.g. She liked to read the gossip column in People magazine.
article (n) a piece of writing about a particular subject that is included in a magazine, newspaper, etc.
e.g. I just read an interesting article about San Francisco’s early history.
editorial (n) an essay in a newspaper or magazine that gives the opinions of its editors or publishers
e.g. The paper published an editorial strongly criticizing the mayor’s actions.
live shot/live reports (exp) A TV news story during which a news anchor or reporter is live at a remote location
e.g. The newscaster gave a live report on the election results in California.
advertisement (n) something (such as a short film or a written notice) that is shown or presented to the public to help sell a product or to make an announcement
e.g. The advertisement will appear in three magazines.
comic strip (n) a sequence of drawings, either in color or black and white, relating a comic incident, an adventure or mystery story, etc., often serialized
e.g. Calvin and Hobbes is my favorite comic strip.
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TOEFL Q7: Spending Money

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question one from the TOEFL speaking test. Read the question below out loud with the tutor.

One of your friends has recently received a lot of money. How do you suggest that your friend use the money? Include specific details and reasons in your response.


Preparation time: 15 seconds l Response time: 45 seconds

Warm-up

Choose a question at random from the list below. Answer the question right away without making notes. Try to speak for at least 10 seconds.

  • What are two things you would like to buy if you had a lot of money? I would like to buy a big apartment in the middle of Seoul. I would also like to buy an expensive sports car, such as a Porsche.
  • What are some of the most expensive things people must pay for in their lives?
  • How can you use that money to make more money?

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. Introduction
    • I would suggest that my friend saves the money
  2. Come up with supporting ideas
    • put money into a savings account
    • can prepare for the future
    • money can earn interest
    • can also earn more money
    • pay for college
    • put down money for an apartment
  3. Come up with details to explain two of your supporting ideas
    • prepare for the future: She could use the money to pay for an apartment when she is older.
    • earn more money: She can put the money into a savings account and earn interest.

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

If one of my friends received a lot of money, I would suggest that she save the money. One reason is that she could prepare for the future. For example, my friend could use the money to pay for an apartment when she is older. Saving the money is also a good idea because my friend can earn more money. She can put the money into a savings account and earn interest. Overall, I feel that it is best for my friend to save the money.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
savings account (n) a bank account in which people keep money that they want to save
e.g. She opened a savings account.
interest (n) money paid to you by a bank for the money you have in a bank account
e.g. He made about $500 in interest last year.
retirement (n) the act of ending your working or professional career : the act of retiring
e.g. She decided to take an early retirement.
parvenu (n) a person from usually a low social position who has recently or suddenly become wealthy, powerful or successful but who is not accepted by other wealthy, powerful and successful people
e.g. He was a rich parvenu who brought his son at an early age to Paris.
squander (v) to use (something) in a foolish or wasteful way
e.g. She squandered her inheritance.
donate (v) to give (money, food, clothes, etc.) in order to help a person or organization
e.g. We donated our old clothes to charity.
charity (n) the act of giving money, food or other kinds of help to people who are poor, sick, etc.
e.g. The holidays are a time for charity and goodwill.
stock (n) a share of the value of a company which can be bought, sold or traded as an investment
e.g. The value of his stocks soared.
real estate (n) property consisting of buildings and land
e.g. He sells real estate.
tuition (fee) (n) money that is paid to a school for the right to study there
e.g. Her uncle agreed to pay part of her tuition.
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TOEFL Q11: A Club Meeting

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question five from the TOEFL speaking test. Listen to a short conversation.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

W: Hey Jason, I heard that the famous environmentalist, Willian Jefferson, is going to give a speech at your club meeting. I can’t wait to listen to his lecture.

M: Don’t get your hopes up. Mr. Jefferson just called me and said that he might not be able to attend the meeting.

W: Oh no, what are you going to do?

M: I’m not sure. The meeting is tomorrow, and I don’t think I can find a replacement.

W: Hmm, you know, I have a friend who works as an environmentalist. Maybe she could give a speech instead? She isn’t famous, though.

M: Yeah, maybe that could work.

W: Or you could rent a documentary from the library. I know they have this fascinating documentary about river pollution. I think it would be perfect to show during the meeting.

M: That’s not a bad idea. I’ll think about it and let you know what I decide.

Question

The woman discusses two possible solutions to the man’s problem. Describe the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.


Preparation time: 20 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to explain the main idea of the conversation.

Guideline
The Problem The man’s problem is that the speaker for his club’s meeting __. He is worried that he will not be able to find a __.
Solution 1 The woman says that her __ can give a speech.
Reason Her friend is also an __.
Solution 2 Next, the woman recommends renting a __ from the library.
Reason They have a film about __. It would be __ to show during the meeting.

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. State the problem
    • The man needs to find a speaker for his club meeting.
  2. What are the pros and cons of solution 1?
    • ProHer friend is an environmentalist
    • ConShe is not famous
  3. What are the pros and cons of solution 2?
    • ProRent a documentary on river pollution
    • ConIt’s not a speaker (different format)
  4.  Your opinion
    • I think the man should rent a documentary
  5. Come up with two reasons to back your opinion
    • It’s about river pollution
    • It should be interesting to the man’s club

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

Solution 1: In the conversation, an environmentalist cannot attend the man’s club meeting. The woman gives two possible solutions to the man’s problem. She suggests that her friend gives a speech or for the man to rent a documentary from the library. Of the two solutions, I prefer the first one. The woman’s friend is an environmentalist. She can give an informed speech at the man’s club meeting. She can also answer any questions the club members might have. For these reasons, I think the woman’s first suggestion is better.

Solution 2: The man in the dialog needs to find a speaker for his club meeting. The woman first recommends that her friend give a speech at the meeting or for the man to rent a documentary from the library. I like the second solution better. The man can rent the video quickly and be ready to show it right away. On top of this, the film is about river pollution, so it should be interesting to the man’s club. Overall, I feel the man should follow the woman’s second suggestion.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
environmentalist (n) a person who is concerned about the environment
e.g. Ma Jun, a leading Chinese environmentalist, confirmed genuine changes appear to be taking place.
rent (v) to borrow; to check out
e.g. Do you want to rent a movie tonight?
club (n) a group of people who meet to participate in an activity
e.g. He attended an exclusive social club.
documentary (n) a program that tells facts about actual people and events
e.g. We watched a documentary on the early history of jazz.
attend (v) to be present at an event
e.g. My husband and I will both attend the banquet.
fascinating (adj) very interesting or appealing
e.g. Her paintings are fascinating.
replacement (n) something that takes the place of another thing
e.g. Is your old dictionary in need of replacement? [=do you need a new dictionary?]
pollution (n) dirt; litter; smog
e.g. Industrial practices have caused air and water pollution.
recommend (v) to say that (someone or something) is good and deserves to be chosen
e.g. A friend recommended this restaurant.
give a speech (exp) talk in front of an audience
e.g. Steve Jobs gave a speech at the Stanford commencement.
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TOEFL Q6: Plant Biology

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question six from the TOEFL speaking test. Listen to a short lecture.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

Have you ever wondered why some trees shed their leaves during the winter? This occurs for many reasons, but the main reasons trees do this is to protect themselves. You know, most trees that lose their leaves are in cold climates. During the long cold winters, the air becomes very dry. This causes the leaves of trees also to become dry. To keep the leaves alive, the trees have to give them a lot of moisture. The problem with this is that trees could lose too much moisture and die. So instead of giving moisture to the leaves, the trees keep the moisture inside. They keep it in their trunks and branches. After a while, the leaves start to die. As the leaves die, they fall to the ground around the trees. When this happens, the leaves actually help the trees survive. How you may ask? Well, the leaves form the protective layer around the roots of the trees. This allows the roots to stay warm. So, by losing their leaves the trees are able to live through the winter.

Question

Using points and examples from the talk, explain why trees shed their leaves.


Preparation time: 20 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to summarize the lecture.

Guideline
Topic In this lecture, the professor explains why trees __. She claims that trees do this to protect themselves.
Detail 1 During the winter, the leaves need a lot of __. If the trees give moisture to the leaves, they might __. So they keep moisture inside their trunks and __.
Detail 2 The leaves die and fall __. This creates a __ that protects the roots of the trees.
Keywords cold climate, air becomes dry, moisture, protect the root

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

The lecture mainly discusses why trees shed leaves during winter. According to the speaker, trees do this to protect themselves. During the winter, trees use a lot of moisture to keep their leaves alive. If the trees lose too much moisture, they can die. So they keep their moisture inside their trunks and branches. This causes leaves to die. As they fall to the ground, they form a protective layer over the roots of the trees. Together, these factors allow the trees to survive through a long, cold winter.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
shed (v) to fall off; to drop out
e.g. The dog is shedding its fur.
protect (v) to keep from being damaged or injured; to defend
e.g. He had no raincoat to protect himself from the rain.
moisture (n) wetness
e.g. These flowers grow best with moisture and shade.
trunk (n) the main part of a tree
e.g. The trunk of this tree has a radius of 1 foot. 
branch (n) part of a tree that grows out of the trunk
e.g. A large tree branch fell into our yard during the storm.
survive (n) to live
e.g. I don’t see how any creature can survive under those conditions.
layer (n) one thickness of something over another
e.g. Everything was covered by a thin layer of sand.
root (n) the part of a plant that is underground
e.g. Elm trees have shallow roots.
bark (n) the outer covering of a tree
e.g. He picked up a piece of birch bark.
foliage (n) the leaves of a plant or of many plants
e.g. She admired a tree with pretty foliage.
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TOEFL Q5: Paper vs. Work

Directions

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over question five from the TOEFL speaking test. Listen to a short conversation.
Note to tutor: read the text to the student. The text is not presented to the student in the actual test.  

M: You looked stressed out, Melissa. Is something the matter?

W: It’s just that I have to finish my paper for my sociology class. It’s due tomorrow morning, and I barely started working on it.

M: So why don’t you start working on it now? If you work hard the rest of the day, I think you can finish on time.

W: But there is a problem. I’m supposed to work at the restaurant tonight.

M: Then call your manager and explain the situation. Missing one day of work is not a big deal.

W: Yeah, but I’ve already missed a lot of work lately. If I take another day off, then I might lose my job.

M: In that case, you just have to write your paper after work. You might have to pull an all-nighter, but at least you’ll get it done.

W: But if I have to do that, I might not be able to concentrate well. Then my grade will suffer.

M: Well, you have to decide whether keeping your job or getting a good grade is more important.

Question

The man discusses two possible solutions to the woman’s problem. Describe the problem. Then state which of the two solutions you prefer and explain why.


Preparation time: 20 seconds l Response time: 60 seconds

Summarize

Use the chart below to explain the student’s problem and the solutions offered.

Guideline
The Problem The woman’s problem is that she must __ by the next morning. However, she has to __ at her job tonight.
Solution 1 The man suggests that the woman __ and explain the situation.
Reason He says that missing one day of work is not __.
Solution 2 The man also suggests that the woman writes the paper __.
Reason She will have to pull __, but she will finish her paper on time.

Brainstorm

Use the following pointers as a guideline to refine your answer.

  1. State the problem
    • the woman must finish her paper but she has work in the evening
  2. What are the pros and cons of the solution 1?
    • Pro: She can work on her essay
    • Con: She could get fired
  3. What are the pros and cons of the solution 2?
    • ProShe gets to keep her job and finish her essay
    • ConShe might not be able to concentrate
  4.  Your opinion
    • Solution 2 is better
  5. Come up with two reasons to back your opinion
    • She can still finish her paper and keep her job
    • Pulling one all-nighter is not a big deal

Sample Answer

Reading great sample answers is one way to improve. Go over the sample answer with your tutor. Ask questions if you have any.

Sample Answer

Solution 1: The students are discussing a problem the woman is having. The woman has to finish her sociology homework by tomorrow morning. However, she must work in the evening. The man suggests that the woman call the manager and say that she cannot come to work. He also recommends going to work and writing the paper afterward. Personally, I believe that the first solution is better. The woman’s manager knows that she is a student. So, he should understand her situation. And as the man says, missing one day of work is not a big deal.

Solution 2: The woman’s problem is that she has to finish her essay by tomorrow but she has to work in the evening. The man suggests that she call the manager or that she finish the paper after work. I believe the woman should follow the man’s advice to write the essay after work. The woman has already missed many days of work. So if she misses work again, she might lose her job. In addition, the woman will still be able to finish her paper if she pulls an all-nighter and works hard. Overall, the second solution is better because the woman can keep her job and finish her paper.

Further Study

Got more time? Here is a list of common vocab words related to the text you studied today. Go over each one with your tutor.

Additional Expressions
due (adj) expected to be done at a certain time
e.g. When is the assignment due? [=when are you supposed to give the completed assignment to your teacher?]
barely (adv) by a very little; hardly
e.g. I barely recognized you with your hair cut short.
rest of~ (n) the remainder of something
e.g. He would regret that decision for the rest of his life.
on time (exp) at the expected time
e.g. I paid all of my bills on time [=when they were due] this month.
situation (n) a circumstance; a condition
e.g. He’s in a dangerous situation.
miss (v) to fail to do something
e.g. She could have joined us, but she missed her chance.
big deal (exp) something of great importance
e.g. The party was a big deal.
all-nighter (n) a night during which someone does not sleep
e.g. I have to finish this by morning, so I guess tonight will be another all-nighter.
concentrate (v) to think about something
e.g. All that noise makes it hard to concentrate.
suffer (v) to become worse
e.g. Their relationship suffered because of her work.
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