Lesson 11: Weather in SF



In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: Weather. First, read the following dialogue out loud with your tutor, then switch roles and try again. 

Dorothy asks Kevin about the weather in San Francisco.

Dorothy: It’s been very foggy and chilly in SF lately.
Kevin: What’s the weather report for today?
Dorothy: Hmm, let’s see. It’s 55 degrees and foggy.
Kevin: That’s a bit chilly, but it’s the usual San Francisco weather. How’s the weather in LA?
Dorothy: LA is much sunnier and warmer than SF. Today it’s 70 degrees.
Kevin: Do you have enough warm clothes?
Dorothy: I have a jacket, but I think I need more outerwear. I wonder if I should go shopping this weekend.
Kevin: You should wear an extra layer that you can take off when it gets sunny and warm.
Dorothy: I’m already doing that but sometimes it’s not enough. Maybe I’ll get a scarf.
Kevin: That’s a good idea.


Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition Example
foggy having or filled with fog a gray, foggy morning 
chilly feeling cold It’s so chilly today that I wore a sweater and a jacket.
XX degrees (Fahrenheit) a unit for measuring temperature Bake the bread at 350 degrees (Fahrenheit) for 35 minutes.
weather the temperature and other outside conditions (such as rain, cloudiness, etc.) at a particular time and place What is the weather like in Saudi Arabia right now?
sunny having plenty of bright sunlight I’m so happy for this sunny weather.
it gets (adj) the weather changes It gets pretty cold in the winter. 
I wonder if not sure, curious about I wonder if I can go for a walk today or if it is too hot and sunny.
wear an extra layer put on extra clothing You’d better wear an extra layer to keep yourself warm. 
take off undress I want to take off this sweaty shirt right now. 
scarf a long piece of cloth that is worn on your shoulders, around your neck, or over your head I wear a wool scarf on cold days.


Practice answering the following questions with your tutors. You can use the sample answers to come up with your own answer.

  1. What is the weather like in your country?
    1. Indonesia is warm and humid all the time.
    2. Japan has four seasons, and the weather in each season is very different.
    3. Your answer:_______________________________
  2. Does your country have four seasons?
    1. Yes, we have four very distinct seasons.
    2. No, we only have dry and wet seasons.
    3. Your answer:_______________________________
  3. Does it get below zero (freezing point) in winter?
    1. Yes, it can get freezing cold in winter.
    2. No, winter here is pretty mild.
    3. Your answer:_______________________________
  4. What kind of weather do you like the most?
    1. I like warm but dry weather.
    2. I prefer a cold winter rather than a very hot summer.
    3. Your answer:_______________________________
  5. How do you keep yourself warm on a cold day?
    1. I wear many layers of clothing.
    2. I just stay inside.
    3. Your answer:_______________________________


Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. What’s your favorite season and why?
  2. Do you have snow/hail/typhoons/tornadoes in your country?
  3. Do you think that in recent years we are losing our four distinct seasons?
  4. In your opinion, which season is the most beautiful?
  5. Do you think weather affects the way people feel?


Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.


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