Lesson 17: Jobs

Dialogue

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: jobs. First, read the following dialogue out loud with your tutor, then switch roles and try again. 

Dorothy and Kevin are talking about their jobs.

Dorothy:
Kevin, do you work a lot of overtime?
Kevin:
Yes, I do. However, my salary doesn’t include overtime.
Dorothy:
Have you ever been unemployed?
Kevin:
Yes, one time. I was laid off from my job.
Dorothy:
Have you ever been fired from a job?
Kevin:
I have never been fired, but I once resigned from one job to take another job.
Dorothy:
Do you prefer a desk job or one where you are active?
Kevin:
Since I’m a white-collar worker I usually have desk jobs, but I don’t like sitting a lot.
Dorothy:
Have you ever been a blue-collar worker?
Kevin:
I once was a warehouse worker. I earned an hourly wage. We were always busy, but I didn’t like it.

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

overtime (n) additional work beyond normal hours
He has too much to do so he is going to work overtime.
salary (n) an amount of money an employee is paid monthly or yearly
Her salary is $50,000 per year.
unemployed (adj) having no job
He has been unemployed for three months.
laid off (v – phrase) to be released from a job by the employing company
The company laid off fifty workers.
fired (v) to lose one’s job as a punishment
I was fired from my job for being late too many times.
resigned (v) to give up a job in a formal or official way
She resigned from her job to take care of her children.
desk job (n) a job that someone does while primarily sitting
Being a construction worker is not a desk job.
white-collar worker (idiom) a person who works in an office type position
White-collar workers usually sit at a desk to work.
blue-collar worker (idiom) a person who does manual labor for work
You can find a lot of blue-collar workers in factories.
hourly wage (n – phrase) to make money at work by the hour
His hourly wage is $15.00 per hour.

Exercise

Practice answering the following questions with your tutor. You can use the sample answers to help come up with your own answer.

  1. Why do some companies lay off their workers?
    1. Sometimes companies lay off their employees because they don’t have enough work for them.
    2. Sometimes a company lays off its workers to cut costs.
    3. Your answer:
  2. What are some reasons that people get fired?
    1. An employee can be fired if they have poor work performance.
    2. A company can fire an employee if they do not get along with their co-workers.
    3. Your answer:
  3. What are some desk jobs?
    1. Accountants have desk jobs.
    2. Receptionists work from a desk.
    3. Your answer:
  4. What are some jobs of blue-collar workers?
    1. An auto mechanic does manual labor.
    2. A construction worker is considered a blue-collar worker.
    3. Your answer:
  5. Why would someone resign from their job?
    1. Someone could resign from their job if they are sick and cannot work anymore.
    2. I would resign from my job for a better job.
    3. Your answer:

Conversation

Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. Do you like to work overtime? Why or why not?
  2. What’s your job? Describe what you do at work.
  3. Do you like, or dislike your job? Why?
  4. Should workers get paid for overtime? Why or why not?
  5. What is your dream job? Why?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

 

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