Lesson 14: How to Learn and Use Phrasal Verbs

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  • Did you know “turn off” is a phrasal verb?
  • Do you hate learning phrasal verbs?
  • Do phrasal verbs confuse you?
  • Do native and fluent English speakers use phrasal verbs a lot?
  • Do you need to learn and use phrasal verbs?

If you answered “Yes” to any of these questions, this lesson is for you!

 

 

 

NEW SKILLS

Read these new skills out loud with your tutor.

Learn some common phrasal words

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. Try to make a sentence with each of the phrasal verbs below.

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Tips for Phrasal Verbs:

  • Don’t try to understand the individual meaning of the words in the phrase. Instead, try to understand the meaning of the words together
  • Like many other words in English, phrasal verbs often have more than one meaning
  • Just like regular verbs, phrasal verbs can be used with the different verb tenses – get up, got up, getting up, will get up, to get up, etc

 

 

EXERCISE

Write a sentence using the phrasal verb.

  • put up with Every night I have to put up with the dogs barking outside.
  • give up  ___________________________________________________.
  • pass out __________________________________________________.
  • put away __________________________________________________.
  • set off ____________________________________________________.

 

 

 

Decide which phrasal verb is correct to complete the sentence.

  • If we want to go travel around the world, we need to put aside some money. (put aside / turn into)
  • The bus is really late! I wonder what the (1) ___________ is? (call off / hold up)
  • My brother always (2) ______________ everything when we were kids. (got away with / look down on)
  • Every time my parents go away for a long time, my siblings and I (3) ________ them _________. (see off / set off)
  • Why are you (4) ______________ with me? (pulling through / breaking up)

 

 

 

Determine which verb tense the phrasal verb is using: present simple, past simple, future simple, infinitive, or continuous present.

  • Two of my workers called off today. past simple
  • I think you are turning into a shopaholic, because you are buying a lot of clothes. (5) ____________________
  • If parents always give in, their children will never learn the value of hard work. (6) ________________
  • You will pass out from heat exhaustion if you stay outside too long. (7) ____________
  • The children need to put their toys away. (8) ___________________

 

 

Identify the phrasal verbs used in the following paragraph. There are 5 in total.

When you arrive at the airport, you need to check in first. Before the plane takes off, buckle your seat belt. After the plane lands, get off the plane and walk to the baggage claim area to collect your suitcase. Unfortunately, you will have to put up with other people who are collecting their bags also. When you leave the airport, you need to get on the shuttle bus to the car rental office.

(9) to check in

(10) ___________

(11) ___________

(12) ___________

(13) ___________

 

Discussion Questions

  • Tell your tutor about your last travel experience in detail. Did you fly or drive or take a train? When did you take off and get in? Did you get held up?
  • What are some things that annoy you but you put up with? Give your tutor some examples.
  • When the the last time you gave up on something important? What caused you to give in?

 

 

(Source: 1. http://www.recyclereminders.com/conserve-energy-signs, 2. https://www.pinterest.com/pin/411727590910522875/)

 


Answer Key:

(1) hold up

(2) got away with

(3) see / off

(4) breaking up

(5) continuous present

(6) present simple

(7) future simple

(8) infinitive

(9) check in

(10) takes off

(11) get off

(12) put up

(13) get on

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