Lesson 6: Personality Types

Screenshot 2017-01-05 15.32.01.png

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again!

  • Kevin: I’m tired of people being arrogant! I was on the bus the other day and this man talked about how much better he was than the rest of his colleagues.
  • Dorothy: I know what you mean. I work with one of the most tedious people in the world.
  • Kevin: Let’s be more positive! Who is brainier: you or your sister?
  • Dorothy: Well, not to be arrogant, but I would have to say me. However, my sister is the humblest person in the world.

 

 

NEW SKILLS

Using comparatives and superlatives.

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. Then practice making sentences with some of the words listed.

Screenshot 2017-01-05 15.35.48.png

Note: Comparatives compare 2 items. Superlatives compare more than 2 items.

 

 

 

Irregular Forms

Here are some common irregular comparatives and superlatives. Practice making sentences with some of the words listed.

Adjective Comparative Superlative
good better the best
bad worse the worst
far further / farther the furthest / farthest
little less the least
many/much more the most
old older / elder the oldest / the eldest

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and expressions below with your tutor. Then practice using each word in a sentence.

characteristic (n) 📘
trait (n) 📘
clever (adj) 📘
brainy (adj) 📘
arrogant (adj) 📘
deceitful (adj) 📘
introverted (adj) 📘
extroverted (adj) 📘
know-it-all (n) 📘
comical (adj) 📘
diligent (adj) 📘
tedious (adj) 📘
humble (adj) 📘
withdrawn (adj) 📘
grumpy (adj) 📘

 

 

 

 

EXERCISE

Make a sentence using the word to describe someone.

  • tedious  Sometimes my best friend can be tedious, especially when he gets up in the morning.
  • know-it-all ________________________________________________.
  • comical __________________________________________________.
  • clever ____________________________________________________.
  • diligent ___________________________________________________.

 

 

 

Using the personality traits in the vocabulary table above, describe and compare the personality traits of the two people. Use the comparative form.

  • mother and father

My mother is more introverted than my father.

  • two of your cousins

_________________________________________________________

  • an aunt and an uncle

_________________________________________________________

  • a thief and a good person

_________________________________________________________

  • two of your fellow students, colleagues, or friends

_________________________________________________________

 

 

 

Fill in the blank with the correct superlative form of the adjective.

  • She is most withdrawn when she is talking with total strangers. (withdrawn)
  • The other day I met the (1) _______________ teacher in the world, because he was not friendly in the least bit. (grumpy)
  • My sister’s cat is the (2) _______________ cat I know. (clever)
  • If you had to pick the (3) _________________ co-worker, who would it be? (diligent)
  • My boss is the biggest know-it-all in the office. Furthermore, he is the (4) ____________________ person in the company. (arrogant)

 

 

 

 

Write a sentence using the adjective in the comparative and superlative.

  • deceitful

comparative: Politicians can be more deceitful than thieves.

superlative: Politicians are the most deceitful people with power.

  • comical

comparative: _____________________________________________.

superlative: ______________________________________________.

  • humble

comparative: _____________________________________________.

superlative: ______________________________________________.

  • brainy

comparative: _____________________________________________.

superlative: ______________________________________________.

  • extroverted

comparative: _____________________________________________.

superlative: ______________________________________________.

 

 

Discussion Questions

  1. Who is the cleverest person you know? What makes him/her cleverer than most people?
  2. Who is the most extroverted member of your family? Describe how he/she behaves.
  3. Do you have any friends who are know-it-alls? Describe how those people make you feel.
  4. What is the most tedious task you’ve done this week? What makes it so tedious?

 

 

(Source: 1.http://www.grammar.cl/Games/Comparatives_Superlatives.htm, 2. http://ubdavid.org/kids-world/lets-talk-about/graphics/careless15.jpg)

 


Answer Key:

(1) grumpiest

(2) cleverest

(3) most diligent

(4) most arrogant

Lesson 5: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Screenshot 2017-01-05 15.04.41.png

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again!

  • Kevin: Hey mate! Have you ever been to Scotland?
  • John: I haven’t been there myself. What about you?
  • Kevin: I went by myself last year. I saw a lot of men wearing kilts, and I went to Loch Ness.
  • John: Lovely! My wife wants us to go, but by ourselves and not with the kids.

NEW SKILLS

Read the new skills out loud with your tutor.

When to use reflexive pronouns (i.e. myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves)

  1. When the subject and the object refer to the same person or thing

Examples:

  • He accidentally cut himself while he was chopping the vegetables.
  • She bought a present for herself.
  • [make up your own sentence]
  1. When we want to emphasize the subject

Examples:

  • My mother likes to eat by herself.
  • I did it myself.
  • [make up your own sentence]
  1. To mean the same as “also”

Example:

  • Annabelle was pretty happy last night. I was pretty happy myself.
  • [make up your own sentence]

“Ourselves” and “Themselves” 

We use “themselves” or “ourselves” when the action is being done to the same people doing the action. Take note of the difference between these sets of sentences:

  • Mark and Sarah fed themselves. (They each ate food, with no one else helping them).
  • Mark and Sarah fed each other. (Mark gave food to Sarah and she gave food to Mark).
  • Mike and Carol bought each other presents for Christmas
  • Mike and Carol bought themselves presents for Christmas (Mike bought a present for himself and Carol bought a present for herself).

Common British Icons

Go over each with your tutor. 

Food and drinks

Go over each common British term with your tutor. Try using one of the words in a sentence.

  • Fish and Chips: The most traditional dish is fish and chips. It’s the most common thing to eat when you’re by the seaside. (fried fish and french fries)
  • Chicken Tikka Masala: It’s an Indian dish which was invented in England, and is now the most commonly eaten dish when eating out in a restaurant.
  • a cuppa: a hot drink, cup of tea, cup of coffee
  • a brew: a cup of tea
  • nosh: food

Typical words used

Go over each with your tutor. Try using one of the words in a sentence.

  • lovely: nice
  • blinding: something is fantastic
  • mate: friend (used as a friendly way of talking to someone, especially a man)
  • footy: football (soccer)
  • init: slang word for “isn’t it?” (usually when asking for confirmation of something you just said)
  • brilliant: something is exciting or wonderful
  • kilt: A traditional skirt with many folds, made from tartan cloth and traditionally worn by Scottish men and boys.

EXERCISE

All about the UK. Use the new skill section above to answer the following questions.

  • What word would you use if you were ordering a cup of coffee?  a cuppa
  • Where would you go to see Nessie? (1) ____________________
  • If you wanted to take a city tour in London, what would you ride on? (2) ____________
  • What is another name used to mean food? (3) _________________
  • If you are male in Scotland, you may be wearing one of these? (4) _____________

Fill in the blanks using words from the UK and reflexive pronouns.

  • Kevin: Hi mate! Can you go to the football match by yourself? I need to go eat some nosh with my girlfriend.
  • John: Ok, (5) ________. Are you going by (6) ________________?
  • Kevin: Yes, we are going by (7) ___________. Afterwards we’re going to take a city tour on one one of those (8) ___________________________.
  • John: (9) ________________! Since you’re not going to the match with me, I will go (10) _________________. Later on, I will go to the coffee shop and have (11) _______________ coffee.
  • Kevin: It sounds like a plan to me! (12) ____________?

Fill in the blank with a reflexive pronoun or each other.

  • They want to see the Loch Ness Monster themselves.
  • My brothers argue a lot so they don’t talk to (13) ___________________.
  • The cat in the pet store likes to look at (14) ____________ in the window.
  • She used YouTube to teach (15) ___________ English.
  • We wanted to take the tour to see Big Ben, but we couldn’t get (16) _______________ out of bed.

Discussion Questions

  1. Have you ever been to the UK? If so, what was your experience like?
  2. Have you watched a filmed set in the UK? If so, what did you learn about the UK from the film?
  3. Do you prefer American English or British English? Why?
  4. If you were to visit the UK, what would you want to do there?
  5. Which English speaking country would you most like to live in? Why?

(Source: 1. http://www.languageopenlearning.com, 2. http://www.grammar.cl/Notes/Reflexive_Pronouns.htm, 3. http://www.kaplaninternational.com/blog/british-slang, 4. http://grammar.yourdictionary.com/slang/common-uk-expressions-slang.html)


Answer Key:

(1) Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands

(2)  double-decker buses

(3) nosh

(4) kilt

(5) mate

(6) yourselves

(7) ourselves

(8) double-decker buses

(9) brilliant / blinding / lovely

(10) by myself

(11) cuppa

(12) Init

(13) each other

(14) itself/himself/herself

(15) herself

(16) ourselves

Lesson 4: At A Coffee Shop

Screenshot 2017-01-05 14.27.50.png

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again!

  • K: I’m going to get another cup of coffee. Do you want something else?
  • D: I’ll take an Americano with a shot of vanilla syrup. Could you also bring me two packets of sugar?
  • K: You got it! Do you want anything to eat?
  • D: I want a sandwich, but I don’t like what’s on the menu. Could you ask them if they have other choices?
  • K: Sure, I will ask them. Two cups of Joe and 1 sandwich coming right up!

NEW SKILLS

Using “another,” “other,” and “others” 

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor.  Then try coming up with a sentence using each of the three words

Screenshot 2017-01-05 14.28.42.pngOther + Ones

Other can be placed before the pronoun “ones” when the meaning is clear from the text before it.

  • We don’t need those books, we need other ones. (= different books)
  • A: You can borrow my books if you like. B: Thanks, but I need other ones. (= other books)

Note: you can say “other one” when it refers to wanting the alternative.

  • I don’t want this one, I want the other one.

Others as a pronoun

Others replace “other ones” or “other + plural noun”.
Only others can be used as a pronoun and not “other”.

  • I don’t like these postcards. Let’s ask for others. (others = other postcards)
  • Some of the presidents arrived on Monday. Others arrived the following day.

Others – the others

Often “(the) others” refers to “(the) other people”.

  • He has no interest in helping others. (= in helping other people)
  • What are the others doing tonight?

What is the difference between other and others?

“Other” is followed by a noun or a pronoun
“Others” is a pronoun and is NOT followed by a noun.

  • These shoes are too small. Do you have any other shoes?
  • These shoes are too small. Do you have any others? (no noun after others)
Source: http://www.grammar.cl/english/another-other-others.htm

Common ways to express containers and quantities.

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. Then practice making a few sentences with some of the items.

Screenshot 2017-01-05 14.31.40.png

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with “another”, “other”, “others.”

  • Could you tell the others to come to the coffee shop?
  • I want (1) ____________ glass of water, as I’m done with this one.
  • (2) __________ people want to order coffee and food.
  • The (3) __________ asked for coffee to go.
  • She doesn’t like the (4) _________ types of coffee.

Practice placing a to go order at your favorite restaurant. Be creative!

Example:

This order is to go. I want a large iced mocha with milk and one packet of sugar. In addition, I want an egg sandwich with cheese. Could I get an extra slice of cheese on the sandwich, please?

Fill in the blank with the correct container or quantity. Several answers may be correct.

  • How many rolls of toilet paper are in the bathroom?
  • She wants a (5) ________ of tea and I would like a (6) ________ of water.
  • If you go to the supermarket, I need a (7) ________ of flour, a (8) __________ of milk, and a  (9) ____________ of ice cream.
  • To make a toasted cheese sandwich you need two (10) ____________ of bread and two (11) ___________ of cheese.
  • My mother asked me to buy a (12) _________ of tape, a (13) ________ of scissors, and (14) ___________ of thread.

Come up with 4 sentences using “another,” “other,” “others.” Try to use some examples of containers and quantities in your sentences.

  • The other day I bought another tube of toothpaste.
  • _________________________________________________________.
  • _________________________________________________________.
  • _________________________________________________________.
  • _________________________________________________________.

Discussion Questions

  1. What have you done recently to help others? Did you enjoy how it felt?
  2. Describe the ingredients and quantities you need to make your favorite dish.
  3. Who is your best friend? How do you treat one another?
  4. What items do you currently have in your kitchen? Describe both the item and the quantity.

(Source: http://www.grammar.cl/english/another-other-others.htm)

 

 


Answer Key:

(1) another

(2) Other

(3) others

(4) other

(5) cup

(6) glass / cup

(7) bag

(8) quart / half-gallon / gallon / carton

(9) carton

(10) loaves

(11) pounds

(12) roll

(13) pair

(14) spool

Lesson 3: The Weather

 Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. Then describe the weather today to your tutor using some of the new words.

Screenshot 2017-01-05 13.05.23.png

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again!

  • K: Do you like the hot or cold weather?
  • D: I like both. If it’s hot, I go to the beach. If it’s cold, I will turn up the heat.
  • K: It was raining earlier. Do you like either rain or snow?
  • D: I like neither rain nor snow. Though if it had rained earlier with the sun out, there would have been a nice rainbow.

 

 

NEW SKILLS

Using “both,” “either,” and “neither”

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. Then make a sample sentence on your own using one of the words.Screenshot 2017-01-05 13.07.09.png

 

 

Using conditionals

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. Then practice saying a conditional sentence that applies to your own life.

Screenshot 2017-01-05 13.06.20.png

 

 

 

 

EXERCISE

Answer the following personal questions about the weather. Use a complete sentence and use the weather vocabulary above.

  • What’s the weather like in your city now? It’s hot and humid. The forecast is calling for thundershowers.
  • What’s the weather like in your country in the winter? __________________________________________________.
  • What’s the weather like in your country in the summer? __________________________________________________.
  • Describe the weather in another city you visited. __________________________________________________.
  • Describe the type of weather you enjoy the most. __________________________________________________.

 

 

Fill in the blank with a word about the weather to complete the first conditional sentence.

  • If there’s a downpour, it will flood the streets.
  • If it (1) _____________, we will build a snowman.
  • If it’s (2) ___________, it will rain.
  • If it’s (3) ___________, I will put on a coat.
  • If it’s (4) ___________, I will turn on the air conditioner.

 

 

Fill in the blanks with both/and, either/or, neither/nor, or both, either, and neither by themselves.

  • Neither a blizzard nor a hurricane will stop superman.
  • (5) __________ snow (6) _________ sleet can make the roads slippery.
  • I have never seen snow. (7) ______________ have I.
  • It will be (8) ___________ cold (9) ________ freezing tomorrow.
  • (10) __________ of the weather channels are forecasting it to be freezing and blustery next week.

 

 

Discussion Questions

  1. What is the weather typically like in your country? How is it in the summer compared to the winter?
  2. Do you like both rain and sunshine, or just one or the other? Why?
  3. Describe your ideal weather. What kind of activities do you like to do outside?
  4. Does your family also enjoy the same type of weather as you do? Does anyone in your family enjoy various kinds weather? Why?
  5. If you could live anywhere in the world, where would you live?

 

 

(Source: http://www.grammar.cl/english/both-either-neither.htm)

 


Answer Key:

(1) snows

(2) cloudy

(3) cold

(4) hot

(5) Both

(6) and

(7) Neither

(8) either

(9) or

(10) Both

Lesson 2: Health Problems

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. Then tell your tutor about the last time you experienced one of these health problems.Screenshot 2017-01-05 11.37.37.png

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again!

  • K: Dorothy, I think I broke my leg! Can you take me to the San Francisco Regional Hospital?
  • D: Of course! Are you in a lot of pain?
  • K: Yes, but I took some pain medication.
  • D: Stay here until I return with my car. I’m sure the team of doctors at the hospital will take good care of you.

NEW SKILLS

Read the new skills out loud with your tutor. Then practice role-playing a conversation you might have with your friend about your last illness.

How to ask someone if they are sick or don’t feel well?

  • How do you feel?
  • How are you feeling?
  • Is everything ok?
  • You don’t look well. Are you ok?

Common negative responses:

  • I’m not well.
  • I’m sick.
  • I don’t feel so good.
  • I don’t feel well.
  • I’m a little under the weather. (idiom)

Common positive responses:

  • I’m fine.
  • I’m well.
  • I’m ok.

Common responses when you hear someone is sick:

  • What’s the matter?
  • What’s wrong?
  • What’s the problem?

To express your illness:

  • I have a cold.
  • I got a headache.
  • My stomach hurts.
  • I’ve got a broken leg.

(Note: Notice we usually use the verbs “have” and “got” to express illness.)

Using the different types of nouns. 

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. See if you can come up with your own example for each type as you go over them.

Screenshot 2017-01-05 12.01.03.png

Examples:

  • Common: Kevin has to go to the hospital.
  • Proper: Kevin has to go to the San Francisco Regional Hospital.
  • Countable: Kevin has a broken leg. Kevin has two broken legs.
  • Uncountable: I can see the sadness on Kevin’s face.
  • Concrete: Kevin can’t put his sock on his foot because it’s broken.
  • Abstract: The sadness of his death is overwhelming.
  • Compound: Kevin will use his credit card to pay the hospital bill.
  • Collective: The team of doctors will make Kevin better.

Note: some nouns can be multiple types. For example, sadness and happiness can be uncountable or abstract.

EXERCISE

Read the following dialogue and fill in the blanks with the proper words or phrases about health problems.

  • K: Hi Dorothy, You don’t look well today. Is everything ok?
  • D: I don’t (1) _______________.
  • K: I’m sorry to hear you’re not feeling well. (2) _________________________?
  • D: I started to feel sick last night. I have (3) ____________________.

 

Identify the specified noun in each sentence.

  • Dorothy was out in the sun too long today. Now she has a sunburn.

Proper noun: Dorothy                 Compound noun: sunburn

  • Relaxation helps you feel better when you are sick.

Uncountable: (4) ____________ Abstract: (5) _____________

  • The boy is going to the dentist because he has a toothache.

Common: (6) ______________ Compound: (7) ____________

  • Take one tablespoon of cough syrup every six hours.

Compound: (8) ____________ Countable: (9) _____________

  • Dr. Smith said you have a broken nose.

Proper: (10) _____________ Concrete: (11) ______________

 

Identify the health problem. Write a sentence using I have or I got.

  • Your ear hurts and you have trouble hearing. I have an earache.
  • You fell off your bike and have a lot of pain in your wrist. You go to the hospital and the doctor puts a cast on your hand and wrist. ____________________________________.
  • You ate some bad food for breakfast and you have a lot of pain in your stomach.   _________________________________________.
  • Your body is very hot, especially your forehead. _______________________________________________.
  • You were walking in a field of tall grass and weeds. Later your skin becomes red and itches. _________________________________________________.

 

Discussion questions

  • What is the worst illness or injury you’ve had? Describe the symptoms to your tutor.
  • Do you have any home remedies for a cold? If so, describe them.
  • Have you ever broken a bone? If so, what happened?

 

(Image source: http://www.vocabulary.cl/english/health-problems.htm)

 

 


Answer Key:

(1) feel so good

(2) What’s the matter?

(3) a cold

(4) Relaxation

(5) sick

(6) boy / dentist

(7) toothache

(8) tablespoon

(9) hours

(10) Dr. Smith

(11) nose

Lesson 1: General Business English

Screenshot 2017-01-05 10.59.54.png

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again!

  • K: Our manager said we will be having a meeting soon. He wants us to submit our expenses for our business trips.
  • D: Is that all we are going to discuss?
  • K: No, we will also discuss the 3rd quarter sales results.
  • D: I need to follow up with my clients. In addition, I need to write up my sales and expense reports.

NEW SKILL

Scheduling an internal meeting via email

Usually, internal meetings are scheduled by email. The inviter creates a meeting notice and sends it out to the invitees. Read the sample email below out loud with your tutor.


Sample Email:

To: kevin@BE.com; dorothy@BE.com; tim@BE.com; joe@BE.com; tom@BE.com

cc: director@BE.com

From: john@BE.com

Subject: Meeting

Hi Everyone:

We will be having a meeting next Monday from 8:00 am to 10:00 am in my office.

Everyone is expected to attend. The purpose of the meeting is to discuss the 3rd quarter sales results. In addition, I will be collecting your expense reports.

Please ensure you are prepared for the meeting and remember to put your cell phones on silent before the meeting starts.

Thank you,

John

Discussion questions: Have you written any meeting notices or meeting emails? If so, describe the occasion. Do you need to write in English at your job or school? If so, how often and for what?

Using Business English phrasal verbs

Read the diagram below out loud with your tutor. Practice making some sample sentences using the new words.

screenshot-2017-01-05-11-22-16

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and phrases below with your tutor. Try using each one in a sentence.

business meeting 📘
presentation 📘
negotiation 📘
communicating in English 📘
meeting clients 📘
entertaining clients 📘
business trip 📘
telephoning 📘
writing reports 📘
business emails 📘
taking notes 📘
overseas visitors 📘

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct Business English phrasal verb using the photo above.

  • It’s getting late. Let’s wrap things up and go home.
  • The end of the year is approaching quickly. I need to (1) __________ my goals for the next year.
  • Kevin has been working too many hours lately. I think he is (2) ___________.
  • There are many projects to finish before the end of the 2nd quarter. I need some volunteers to (3) ________ them ________.
  • If you don’t (4) ______________ after a job interview, it could prevent you from securing the job.

 

Match the vocabulary in the table above with its meaning.

  • When you and your co-workers go to a designated place to talk with customers. meeting clients
  • A journey to another city to conduct work for your company.  (5) ______________
  • The act of summarizing information from a business meeting. (6) ______________
  • Information is written down during a meeting with clients. (7) ______________
  • You are giving a slide show to management about a new product. (8) ____________

 

Write your own meeting notification email. Use some of the words from the table above.


To:

Cc:

From:

Subject:

 

Pick four Business English phrasal verbs from the image above and write your own sentence.

  • Please follow up with your team members to ensure they arrive on time for the meeting.
  •  _____________________________________________________.
  • ______________________________________________________.
  • ______________________________________________________.
  • ______________________________________________________.

 

Discussion Questions

  1. What do you do for a living? What kind of tasks do you do day-to-day?
  2. When was the last time you had a business meeting? If so, describe what the meeting was about.
  3. When was the last time you made a presentation? If so, what was the presentation about?
  4. Describe the last time you made a mistake at work. What happened? Why?

(Image source: 1. http://livelearnlanguages.com/en/node/314, 2. http://www.englishandculture.com/)

 


Answer Key:

(1) come up with

(2) burned out

(3) carry them out

(4) follow up

(5) business trip

(6) writing up, or writing a report

(7) taking notes

(8) presentation