3-19. I have to get there by 7

Warm-up

Repeat after the tutor. 

  • Submit your report by tomorrow.
  • Finish this project by the end of the month.
  • Update your software by next week.
  • I have to come back by 8 o’clock.
  • I have to call him by next week.
  • I have to arrive at the airport by 8 o’clock.
  • She has to leave here by 7 o’clock.
  • We have to arrive in Germany by Wednesday.
  • They have to finish the construction by December.
  • They have to leave this country by April 1st.
  • Can you replace this window by Sunday?
  • Do I have to return this book by this Wednesday?
  • Do we have to finish this project by next year?
  • Do you have to pass this test by next month?
  • Does she have to come back by this weekend?

Notes

Here are some grammar tips. 

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition
deadline (n) a date or time when something must be finished
The student had to finish the paper by the November deadline.
cringe (v) to feel disgust or embarrassment and often show this feeling by a movement of your face and body
The baby had to cringe at the sight of creamed spinach.
embarrassed (adj) feeling confused and foolish in front of other people
I was so embarrassed when I forgot my money.
squirm (v) to make a lot of twisting movements because you are nervous, uncomfortable, bored, etc.
The dog squirmed a lot when I tried to hold him.
examine (v) to look at something closely and carefully in order to learn more about it, to find problems
Will you examine the data to form your conclusion?
dwell on (phrasal verb) to think or talk about something for a long time
He tended to dwell on his past mistakes.
extend (v) to cause something to straighten out or to stretch out
She extended her hand to shake.
harvest (n) the amount of crops that are gathered
There was a large harvest of apples this season.

(v) to gather or collect something for use
Could you harvest the blueberries over there?

head out (phrasal verb) to set out for something or some place: depart, begin a journey
We’ll head out before the storm comes.
hide away (phrasal verb) to put something in a place where one can find it
He had to hide away the candy so they wouldn’t find it.

Exercise

Go over the following exercise with your tutors. 

  1. Make a sentence.
    1. you / Can / 5 / by / this / finish / ?
    2. had / be / afternoon / the / by / He / to / there / .
    3. call / to / had / morning / the / She / call / by / .
    4. you / be / here / Could / by / noon / ?
    5. arrive / by / We / Wednesday / had / to / .
  2. Correct the following sentences. 
    1. Had to bring it by the end of the day.
    2. Could we fix it by the tomorrow?
    3. She wanted to go, by the time the train left.
    4. The girl leave by the evening.
    5. You’ll need to finish that, by tomorrow.
  3. Answer the following questions.
    1. What time do you usually need to be home by?
    2. When do you hope to be finished with this lesson?
    3. How long are you working on studying?
  4. (Homework) Write a paragraph.
    1. Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
    2. Cringe-worthy: Do you feel uncomfortable when you see someone else being embarrassed? What’s most likely to make you squirm?
    3. Art appreciation: Do you need to agree with an artist’s lifestyle or politics to appreciate their art? To spend money on it?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

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