Repeat after the tutor.
- Submit your report by tomorrow.
- Finish this project by the end of the month.
- Update your software by next week.
- I have to come back by 8 o’clock.
- I have to call him by next week.
- I have to arrive at the airport by 8 o’clock.
- She has to leave here by 7 o’clock.
- We have to arrive in Germany by Wednesday.
- They have to finish the construction by December.
- They have to leave this country by April 1st.
- Can you replace this window by Sunday?
- Do I have to return this book by this Wednesday?
- Do we have to finish this project by next year?
- Do you have to pass this test by next month?
- Does she have to come back by this weekend?
Here are some grammar tips.
Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.
|deadline||(n) a date or time when something must be finished
The student had to finish the paper by the November deadline.
|cringe||(v) to feel disgust or embarrassment and often show this feeling by a movement of your face and body
The baby had to cringe at the sight of creamed spinach.
|embarrassed||(adj) feeling confused and foolish in front of other people
I was so embarrassed when I forgot my money.
|squirm||(v) to make a lot of twisting movements because you are nervous, uncomfortable, bored, etc.
The dog squirmed a lot when I tried to hold him.
|examine||(v) to look at something closely and carefully in order to learn more about it, to find problems
Will you examine the data to form your conclusion?
|dwell on||(phrasal verb) to think or talk about something for a long time
He tended to dwell on his past mistakes.
|extend||(v) to cause something to straighten out or to stretch out
She extended her hand to shake.
|harvest||(n) the amount of crops that are gathered
There was a large harvest of apples this season.
(v) to gather or collect something for use
|head out||(phrasal verb) to set out for something or some place: depart, begin a journey
We’ll head out before the storm comes.
|hide away||(phrasal verb) to put something in a place where one can find it
He had to hide away the candy so they wouldn’t find it.
Go over the following exercise with your tutors.
- Make a sentence.
- you / Can / 5 / by / this / finish / ?
- had / be / afternoon / the / by / He / to / there / .
- call / to / had / morning / the / She / call / by / .
- you / be / here / Could / by / noon / ?
- arrive / by / We / Wednesday / had / to / .
- Correct the following sentences.
- Had to bring it by the end of the day.
- Could we fix it by the tomorrow?
- She wanted to go, by the time the train left.
- The girl leave by the evening.
- You’ll need to finish that, by tomorrow.
- Answer the following questions.
- What time do you usually need to be home by?
- When do you hope to be finished with this lesson?
- How long are you working on studying?
- (Homework) Write a paragraph.
- Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
- Cringe-worthy: Do you feel uncomfortable when you see someone else being embarrassed? What’s most likely to make you squirm?
- Art appreciation: Do you need to agree with an artist’s lifestyle or politics to appreciate their art? To spend money on it?