Topic: Extended Family

large family group portrait outdoor in nature at beautiful summer day

Warm-up

In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: Extended FamilyFirst, go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Immediate family Your immediate family includes your mother, father, sisters, brothers, husband/wife, and children.
Extended family extended family includes anyone who is related by blood or by marriage in the family.
…on mom’s side You can specify which grandparents you mean by saying whose “side” they are on.
e.g. My grandmother on my mom’s side lives in the US.
Great-grandparents Your grandparents’ parents are your great-grandparents. You might also have great-uncles and great-aunts. These are your parents’ aunts and uncles. You can keep adding “great-” for each generation.
e.g. My great-great-great-grandfather fought in the Civil War.
Related by blood Your immediate family (except your spouse) is related by blood.
Uncle/Aunt In English, we usually call someone “aunt” and “uncle” whether they are related by blood or by marriage. In some families, kids also call their parents’ close friends “Aunt” or “Uncle.”
Distant relatives We also count other distant relatives as cousins, e.g. your cousin’s cousin.
Second cousin A second cousin is one of your parents’ cousins’ children. And a third cousin is one of your grandparents’ cousins’ children.
Second-cousin-once-removed You can even talk about a “second cousin once removed”, which is a complicated relationship that many English speakers have heard of, but only a few of us understand.
In-laws Your husband or wife’s family are your in-laws. You call members of your spouse’s family “mother-in-law”, “brother-in-law“, and so on. But that is usually limited only to immediate family.

Conversation

Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. Who is in your immediate family?
  2. What are your parents like?
  3. Do you look more like your mother or your father?
  4. Are your parents strict? What about your grandparents?
  5. What do you and your family like to do together?
  6. Do you get along well with your family?
  7. Do you like going to family gatherings? Why or why not?
  8. How often do you see your parents? How about your extended family?
  9. What is the best and worst thing about your family or extended family?
  10. How important are strong family ties to you? Are strong family ties more or less important that close friendships?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

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