Topic: Ten Common Idioms



In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: 10 common idioms. First, go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

a piece of cake something is very easy to complete
The Science test was a piece of cake.
costs an arm and a leg something is very expensive
Buying a Porsche costs an arm and a leg.
break a leg good luck
Break a leg at your job interview today.
it’s raining cats and dogs it’s raining a lot; very heavily
Wow! It’s raining cats and dogs now.
hit the nail on the head doing or saying something that is 100% correct
You hit the nail on the head when you said designer clothes are expensive.
when pigs fly something that will never happen
He will get married when pigs fly.
you can’t judge a book by its cover you can’t know what someone or something is like by only looking at the person’s or thing’s appearance

The book doesn’t look interesting, but you can’t judge a book by its cover.

bite off more than you can chew to try to do something that is too difficult for you
She may bite off more than she can chew by taking 5 classes this semester.
scratch someone’s back used to tell someone that if they help you, you will help them
If you scratch my back today, I will help you in the future.
hit the books to study
I have a Math test tomorrow so I need to hit the books now.


Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. Are idioms used in your language? If so, can you give me an example of one?
  2. Why is it important to learn idioms?
  3. Do you know other English idioms? If so, tell me them.
  4. Why are idioms difficult to learn?
  5. Do you “see red” when learning idioms?
  6. Do you like to learn idioms? Why or why not?
  7. Do you think some English learners can learn idioms easier than other learners? Why or why not?
  8. Why do you think idioms are used in movies and TV programs?
  9. Do you practice learning idioms? Why or why not?
  10. Pick 3 of the idioms in this lesson and use them in a sentence.


Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.


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