Topic: Natural Disasters



In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: natural disasters. First, go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

earthquake (n) a sudden and violent shaking of the earth that can cause a lot of damage
The earthquake caused damage to many buildings.
tornado (n) a violent storm where powerful winds move around in a central point
The tornado moved slowly through the city causing a lot a damage.
hurricane (n) a powerful storm with strong winds and rain that causes a lot of damage
The strong wind from the hurricane broke windows.
volcanic eruption (n) when a volcano explodes fire and lava from its top
The volcanic eruption caused many houses to catch on fire.
flood (v) a large amount of water usually from too much rain
The heavy rain caused the streets to flood.
landslide (n) a large amount of ground and rocks that slide down a mountain or hill
The landslide closed the road.
tsunami (n) a very large and high wave in the ocean usually caused by an earthquake
A tsunami occurred after the earthquake and flooded the city near the beach.
avalanche (n) a large amount of snow and ice or ground and rock that slides down a mountain
An avalanche can occur on Mount Everest.
disaster plan (n) a plan to help people survive and live after a natural or man-made disaster
A disaster plan includes storing food and water.
evacuate (v) to move people from a dangerous place to somewhere safe before or after a disaster
We were told to evacuate because a hurricane is coming.


Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. Which natural disaster do you think is the worst? Why?
  2. What natural disasters are common in your country?
  3. Would you volunteer to help after a natural disaster? Why or why not?
  4. What can people do to prepare for a natural disaster?
  5. Should governments help people with money after a natural disaster? Why or why not?
  6. If you were told to evacuate because of a hurricane, would you leave your home? Why or why not?
  7. Why do you think natural disasters occur?
  8. Have you ever been in a natural disaster? If yes, describe it.
  9. Why do you think people live near volcanos?
  10. Are you willing to donate money to help people after a natural disaster? Why or why not?


Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.


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