Topic: The Environment



In this lesson, your tutor will help you go over this topic: the environment. First, go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Read the word/expression and definition out loud, and your tutor will go over anything you do not understand. Practice creating a sentence or two to make sure you know how to use the word/expression properly.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

natural resources (n – plural) materials found in nature like water, trees, oil, etc
Everyone needs to protect our natural resources.
eco-friendly (adj) will not hurt the environment
Plastic bags used at supermarkets are not eco-friendly.
earth (n) the planet on which we live
Our earth is always changing.
pollution (n) things that hurt our environment
A lot of big cities have air pollution from cars.
litter (n) trash that’s thrown on the ground and roads
You can see a lot of litter alongside the roads.
recycle (v) to use again; make products from other products
Some companies recycle metal to make other products.
reuse (v) to use something again
She likes to reuse plastic water bottles.
landfill (n) a place where trash or rubbish is buried in the ground
The landfill is located outside the city. 
contaminate (v) to make something dirty or polluted
Don’t contaminate the environment with litter.
renewable energy (n) energy that comes from a natural resource that can be used again
Rain is renewable energy. I collect it to water my flowers.


Use the following questions as a guideline to form an interesting conversation with your tutor. Feel free to diverge from these suggestions if anything interesting comes up.

  1. Are there litter laws in your country? If so, what is the penalty for littering?
  2. Why do people litter?
  3. What are some types of pollution? (For example – light pollution)
  4. Does your country have a recycling program? If so, tell me about it.
  5. What are some things that can be recycled? (For example – newspapers)
  6. What are some natural resources? (For example – oil)
  7. What are some renewable energy sources? (For example – rain)
  8. What are some eco-friendly products? (For example – reusable water bottle)
  9. Do you use eco-friendly products? Why or why not?
  10. What can you do to make the world a better place?


Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.


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