Lesson 21: The Past

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! πŸ“˜

  • K: What did you do last night?
  • D: I watched a movie. What did you do?
  • K: I played video games. What did you do after the movie?
  • D: I washed the dishes.Β 
  • K: I prefer using paper plates.

 

 

NEW SKILL

Using the past tense. πŸ“˜

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-46-08

 

 

 

How to pronounce the -ed sound at the end of a verb. πŸ“˜

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.47.42.png

 

It’s difficult to know how to pronounce ‘ed’ in English, because it’s pronounced in three different ways. It depends on the letter before: πŸ“˜

The three ways are:

  1. ‘id’ – wanted = want -id
  2. ‘t’ – helped = help -t
  3. ‘d’ – called = call -d

 

The most important thing to remember is this: πŸ“˜

If the verb has a ‘d’ or a ‘t’ sound before ‘ed’ you need to pronounce ‘id’.Β Be careful! It’s the sound, not the letter: ‘decided’ is pronounced ‘decide-id’ even though ‘decide’ ends in ‘e’, because we don’t say the ‘e’, so the last sound is ‘d’. πŸ“˜

So for example:

  • wanted (want-id)
  • ended (end-id)
  • decided (decide-id)
  • hated (hate-id)

 

If the word before ‘ed’ ends in the sounds ‘p’, ‘f’, ‘s’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘k’, then ‘ed’ is pronounced ‘t’: πŸ“˜

So:

  • ‘p’ stopped
  • ‘f’ laughed
  • ‘s’ promised
  • ‘ch’ watched
  • ‘sh’ finished
  • ‘k’ walked

 

For all other words, ‘ed’ is pronounced ‘d’: πŸ“˜

  • allowed
  • cried
  • enjoyed
  • cleaned

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and below with your tutor. πŸ“˜screenshot-2016-12-22-16-45-05

 

 

 

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct simple past tense form of the verb. Write the correct -ed sound with the verb in the past tense. πŸ“˜

  • Yesterday I helped my mom. (help or laugh) – help -t
  • Last month she ________ to Dubai. (travel or cook) – _______
  • Dorothy ______ the conversation. (laugh or end) – ________
  • We ________ dinner. (travel or cook) – ________
  • She ________ at the joke. (help or laugh) – ________

 

 

Change the sentence from the present tense to the past tense. πŸ“˜

  • I live in the USA. I lived in the USA.
  • My friend helps me study. _______________________.
  • We cook together. _____________________.
  • Dorothy talks a lot to Kevin. __________________.
  • You give me a headache. _____________________.

 

 

Which -ed sound does the verb have? πŸ“˜

  • Yesterday he wanted me to help. want -id
  • Dorothy called me this morning. ________
  • Her sister stopped crying. _________
  • You called me late last night. ________
  • I cleaned my room last week. ________

 

Fill in the blank with the correct irregular verb. πŸ“˜

  • Dorothy and Kevin ate breakfast at 7:00 am. (to eat)
  • We ______ a bird. (to see)
  • You ________ all of the water. (to drink)
  • When _____ you eat breakfast? (to do)
  • They ______ home last night. (to be)

 

 

Discussion Questions

  • What did you do last night?
  • What did you do earlier today?
  • Describe a normal day from your childhood.
  • Describe all the places you’ve lived.

 
(Image Source: 1.Β http://slideplayer.com/slide/3180653/, 2.Β http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/how-to-pronounce-ed.html)

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