Lesson 23: Parts of the Body

 DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: My feet really hurt. Do yours?
  • D: Yes, we’ve walked a long way.
  • K: My toes are killing me.
  • D: My back is hurting. I must be old.
  • K: My shoulders ache.
  • D: I hope we get there soon!

 

NEW SKILL

Using the prepositions of location: in, on, and at. 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 17.20.23.png

Sample Sentences:

  • My fingers are a part of my hand.
  • My nose is on my face.
  • My hair is on my head.
  • My knee is a part of my leg.

 

 

 

Using “there”, “their”, and “they’re.” 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 17.21.37.png

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary below with your tutor. 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 17.19.31.png

 

 

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct preposition of location. 📘

  • My son is at school.
  • I am _____ the swimming pool.
  • We are _____ the train.
  • Dorothy is ____ her sister’s home.
  • They’re ___ the bedroom.

 

Fill in the blank with there, their, or they’re (they are). 📘

  • They’re at the supermarket.
  • Where is _________ dog?
  • I see the shopping mall over _______.
  • _______ daughter is beautiful.
  • I hope to see you _______.

 

Make a sentence using the words listed. 📘

  • I, in, the, car, am – I am in the car.
  • nose, on, my, face, is, my. – __________________________.
  • your, mouth, are, teeth, in, your –  ________________________.
  • are, bus, at, we, the – _________________________.
  • thumb, on, hand, the, the, is – _______________________

 

Using the vocabulary list above, name the part of the body in the picture. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-17-23-55

 

Discussion Question

  • Describe your last injury.
  • Do you feel any pain in your body now? Where?
  • What is your best feature? (choose a face part)
  • Have you ever broken a bone? Where?

Lesson 22: Free Time Activities

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: What do you do in your free time? 📘
  • D: I like to read and listen to music. 📘
  • K: I like to play sports and watch TV. 📘
  • D: Do you go out with your friends? 📘
  • K: I go out with my friends on the weekends. 📘

 

 

 

NEW SKILL

Using do, play, and go with sports and activities. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-59-25

 

Rules:

1. Do is used when talking about a recreational activity or a non-team sport that does not use a ball. 📘

  • I do karate.
  • She does ballet.
  • We do yoga.

 

2. “Play” is used with ball sports or competitive games where we play against another person. 📘

  • Kevin plays rugby.
  • I play football.
  • Do you play tennis?

 

3. Go is used with activities that end -ing. We go somewhere to do something. 📘

  • Dorothy goes swimming.
  • I go hiking.
  • Do you like to go walking?

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and below with your tutor. 📘

listen 📘
music 📘
sports 📘
friend 📘
play 📘
study 📘
weekend 📘
go out 📘
musical instrument 📘
time 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-58-25

 

EXERCISE

Write or say 3 free time activities you like to do. 📘

  • Example: I like to play an instrument.
  • ___________________.
  • ___________________.
  • ___________________.

 

Fill in the blank with the correct phrasal verb. 📘

  • We go out at night.
  • ________ your shoes.
  • Your train is about to leave. You need to ______ it now.
  • You can use a dictionary to ______ a word’s meaning.
  • I  ________ meeting you in person.

 

 

 

Fill in the blank with do, play, or go. 📘

  • I like to play chess.
  • Kevin _____ running in the morning.
  • My sister _____ volleyball.
  • We _____ dancing on the weekends.
  • They _____ judo.

 

Fill in the blank with the correct vocabulary word from the table above. 📘

  • I play the guitar. It is a musical instrument.
  • She likes to __________ to music.
  • His dad likes to ________ sports.
  • We need to _______ for lunch soon.
  • My ________ studies every night.

 

 

Discussion Questions

  • What do you do in your free time?
  • Which sports do you like to play?
  • Do you prefer reading or going to the movies? Why?
  • Do you prefer spending time with family or with friends? Why?

 

 

 

Lesson 21: The Past

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: What did you do last night?
  • D: I watched a movie. What did you do?
  • K: I played video games. What did you do after the movie?
  • D: I washed the dishes. 
  • K: I prefer using paper plates.

 

 

NEW SKILL

Using the past tense. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-46-08

 

 

 

How to pronounce the -ed sound at the end of a verb. 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.47.42.png

 

It’s difficult to know how to pronounce ‘ed’ in English because it’s pronounced in three different ways. It depends on the letter before: 📘

The three ways are:

  1. ‘id’ – wanted = want -id
  2. ‘t’ – helped = help -t
  3. ‘d’ – called = call -d

 

The most important thing to remember is this: 📘

If the verb has a ‘d’ or a ‘t’ sound before ‘ed’ you need to pronounce ‘id’. Be careful! It’s the sound, not the letter: ‘decided’ is pronounced ‘decide-id’ even though ‘decide’ ends in ‘e’ because we don’t say the ‘e’, so the last sound is ‘d’. 📘

So for example:

  • wanted (want-id)
  • ended (end-id)
  • decided (decide-id)
  • hated (hate-id)

 

If the word before ‘ed’ ends in the sounds ‘p’, ‘f’, ‘s’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’, ‘k’, then ‘ed’ is pronounced ‘t’: 📘

So:

  • ‘p’ stopped
  • ‘f’ laughed
  • ‘s’ promised
  • ‘ch’ watched
  • ‘sh’ finished
  • ‘k’ walked

 

For all other words, ‘ed’ is pronounced ‘d’: 📘

  • allowed
  • cried
  • enjoyed
  • cleaned

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and below with your tutor. 📘screenshot-2016-12-22-16-45-05

 

 

 

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct simple past tense form of the verb. Write the correct -ed sound with the verb in the past tense. 📘

  • Yesterday I helped my mom. (help or laugh) – help -t
  • Last month she ________ to Dubai. (travel or cook) – _______
  • Dorothy ______ the conversation. (laugh or end) – ________
  • We ________ dinner. (travel or cook) – ________
  • She ________ at the joke. (help or laugh) – ________

 

 

Change the sentence from the present tense to the past tense. 📘

  • I live in the USA. I lived in the USA.
  • My friend helps me study. _______________________.
  • We cook together. _____________________.
  • Dorothy talks a lot to Kevin. __________________.
  • You give me a headache. _____________________.

 

 

Which -ed sound does the verb have? 📘

  • Yesterday he wanted me to help. want -id
  • Dorothy called me this morning. ________
  • Her sister stopped crying. _________
  • You called me late last night. ________
  • I cleaned my room last week. ________

 

Fill in the blank with the correct irregular verb. 📘

  • Dorothy and Kevin ate breakfast at 7:00 am. (to eat)
  • We ______ a bird. (to see)
  • You ________ all of the water. (to drink)
  • When _____ you eat breakfast? (to do)
  • They ______ home last night. (to be)

 

 

Discussion Questions

  • What did you do last night?
  • What did you do earlier today?
  • Describe a normal day from your childhood.
  • Describe all the places you’ve lived.

(Image Source: 1. http://slideplayer.com/slide/3180653/, 2. http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/how-to-pronounce-ed.html)

Lesson 20: Animals

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: Do you like animals? 📘
  • D: Yes, I like animals. 📘
  • K: What animals do you like? 📘
  • D: I like dogs, cats, and horses. 📘
  • K: I have two dogs. 📘

 

 

NEW SKILL

Singular and plural nouns. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-36-31

 

 

Using have, has, and had. 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.37.21.png

Sample Sentences:

  • I have two cats.
  • She has a dog.
  • He has sheep.
  • You have a horse.
  • They have rabbits.
  • We have three mice.
  • The farmer had five cows last year.

 

VOCABULARY

Farm Animals 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-38-28

 

 

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct plural noun. 📘

  • The plural of fox is foxes.
  • The plural of cat is _____.
  • The plural of sheep is  _____.
  • The plural of mouse is _____.
  • The plural of horse is______.

 

Change the following sentences from plural to singular. 📘

  • She has two dogs. She has a dog. or She has one dog.
  • They have two fish. ______________________.
  • He has three pigs. _______________________.
  • You have monkeys. ______________________.
  • You and I have camels. ___________________

 

Fill in the blank with have, has, or had. 📘

  • I have a cow.
  • She _____ a rabbit.
  • Last year we ____ cows.
  • A cat ____ two ears.
  • Dorothy and Kevin _____ dogs.

 

 

 

Fill in the blank with have, has, or had and the correct singular or plural animal. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-40-43

 

Discussion Questions

  • Do you have any animals?
  • What animals do you like?
  • What animals are you afraid of?
  • What animals are common in your country?

 

(Image Source: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/farm-animal-word-mat-6143792)

Lesson 19: Daily Routines

 Woman in bathroom brushing teeth smiling

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: Do you have a daily routine?
  • D: I wake up, make eggs for breakfast, and go to work. 
  • K: I would go crazy if I had the same routine each day.
  • D: I like routine. I go crazy when my routine changes.
  • K: Everyone is different.

 

NEW SKILL

Using the verb go. 📘

  • go online
  • go bald
  • go crazy
  • go abroad
  • go bowling

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and below with your tutor. 📘

daily 📘
routine 📘
online 📘
bald 📘
crazy 📘
abroad 📘
bowling 📘
arrive 📘
watch 📘
finish 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-25-11

 

EXERCISE

Daily Routine – Read the actions and put them in the correct order 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.31.37.png

 

 

Match the “go expression” with the correct sentence. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-32-18

 

 

Discussion Questions

  • Describe your daily routine.
  • Have you traveled abroad?
  • What do you do when you go online?
  • What makes you go crazy?

Lesson 18: The Weather

fall-season_fyILVnwd.jpg

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: It’s chilly today in San Francisco.
  • D: It’s always cold here, no matter which season.
  • K: It’s true. I miss hot weather.
  • D: We should move to Brazil.

Tip: You can say fall or autumn. They are the same. 📘

 

 

NEW SKILL

Using adjectives to describe the weather. 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.16.27.png

Sample sentences:

  • It is sunny.
  • It is snowy.
  • It is windy.
  • It is rainy.
  • It is partly cloudy.
  • It is cloudy.

 

Using adjectives to describe the temperature. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-18-28

Sample sentences:

  • It is hot.
  • It is cold.
  • It is warm.
  • It is freezing.
  • it is chilly.

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and below with your tutor. 📘

sunny 📘
rainy 📘
snowy 📘
windy 📘
cloudy 📘
partly cloudy 📘
hot 📘
warm 📘
cool 📘
cold 📘

 

 

EXERCISE

Answer the question using an adjective to describe the weather. (your country) 📘

  • What is the temperature in summer? It is warm.
  • What is the temperature in fall?  _________________.
  • What is the temperature in winter? ___________________.
  • What is the temperature in winter? ___________________.
  • What is the temperature in spring? _______________________.

 

 

 

Use the thermometer in the picture above. Answer the question using an adjective to describe the temperature. 📘

  • The temperature is 38 C. It is hot.
  • The temperature is 20 C. ____________.
  • The temperature is 2 C. _____________.
  • The temperature is 13 C. ____________.
  • The temperature is -10 C. ____________.

 

Which season is it? 📘

  • It is snowy. It is winter.
  • It is hot. _____________.
  • It is cool and rainy. _______________.
  • It is hot and sunny. _______________.
  • It is cold. ______________.

 

 

 

Fill in the blank with the correct adjective for the weather. 📘

 

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.21.38.png

  • Monday afternoon will be cloudy.
  • Sunday morning will be  ________.
  • Friday midday will be  __________.
  • Thursday midday will be  ________ and _________.
  • Tuesday afternoon will be  __________.

 

Discussion Questions

  • What is summer like in your country?
  • What is winter like in your country?
  • What is the weather like today in your city?
  • Ask your tutor what the weather is like in her/his city.

 

(Image source: 1. http://ep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-34659478395497/seasons-wheel-2.gif, 2. https://www.pinterest.com/JohnGMax/esl-workshop)

Lesson 17: Telling the Time

Clock

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: What time should we meet today?
  • D: Let’s meet at 2:30pm.
  • K: You’re always late. Should I plan on 3:00pm?
  • D: I’m on Brazilian time!
  • K: In that case, I will come at 4:00pm.

 

 

 

NEW SKILL & VOCABULARY

Using phrasal verbs. A group of words that functions as a verb and is made up of a verb and a preposition, adverb, or both. 📘

 

Time of the day 📘

  • morning – 00:01 am to 11:59 am 📘
  • afternoon – 12:00 pm to 5:00 pm 📘
  • evening – 5:01 pm to 8:00 pm 📘
  • night – 8:01 pm to 12:00 am 📘
  • noon – 12:00 pm 📘
  • midnight – 12:00 am 📘
  • am – the hours between midnight and noon 📘
  • pm – the hours between noon and midnight 📘

 

How to ask for the time. 📘

  • What time is it? 📘
  • What is the time? 📘
  • Could you tell me the time, please? (polite) 📘

 

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.06.38.png

EXERCISE

Practice using “past” and “to”. Write it in a sentence. “It is ________. 📘

  • 12:35 – It is thirty-five past twelve.
  • 9:15 –  _______________________.
  • 1:45 –  _______________________.
  • 4:05 –  _______________________.
  • 3:30 –  _______________________.

 

 

Answer the questions with the time using numbers. 📘

  • What time do you go to bed? I go to bed at 11:00 pm.
  • What time do you wake up? _____________________.
  • What time do you get up? _______________________.
  • What time do you go to work/school? ___________________.
  • What time do you eat lunch? _____________________.

 

Answer the questions with the time using words. 📘

  • What time can you check in? I can check in at twelve o’clock.
  • What time will you check out?  _________________________.
  • Could you tell me the time, please?  _____________________.
  • What time did the plane take off?  _______________________.
  • What time did you get up this morning? __________________.

 

 

What time of day is it? 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-05-33

 

Discussion Questions

  • What time do you wake up?
  • What is your favorite time of the day? Why?
  • What time do you eat dinner?
  • What time does the sunset in the winter? In the summer?