Lesson 20: Animals

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: Do you like animals? 📘
  • D: Yes, I like animals. 📘
  • K: What animals do you like? 📘
  • D: I like dogs, cats, and horses. 📘
  • K: I have two dogs. 📘

 

 

NEW SKILL

Singular and plural nouns. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-36-31

 

 

Using have, has, and had. 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.37.21.png

Sample Sentences:

  • I have two cats.
  • She has a dog.
  • He has sheep.
  • You have a horse.
  • They have rabbits.
  • We have three mice.
  • The farmer had five cows last year.

 

VOCABULARY

Farm Animals 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-38-28

 

 

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct plural noun. 📘

  • The plural of fox is foxes.
  • The plural of cat is _____.
  • The plural of sheep is  _____.
  • The plural of mouse is _____.
  • The plural of horse is______.

 

Change the following sentences from plural to singular. 📘

  • She has two dogs. She has a dog. or She has one dog.
  • They have two fish. ______________________.
  • He has three pigs. _______________________.
  • You have monkeys. ______________________.
  • You and I have camels. ___________________

 

Fill in the blank with have, has, or had. 📘

  • I have a cow.
  • She _____ a rabbit.
  • Last year we ____ cows.
  • A cat ____ two ears.
  • Dorothy and Kevin _____ dogs.

 

 

 

Fill in the blank with have, has, or had and the correct singular or plural animal. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-40-43

 

Discussion Questions

  • Do you have any animals?
  • What animals do you like?
  • What animals are you afraid of?
  • What animals are common in your country?

 

(Image Source: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/farm-animal-word-mat-6143792)

Lesson 19: Daily Routines

 Woman in bathroom brushing teeth smiling

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: Do you have a daily routine?
  • D: I wake up, make eggs for breakfast, and go to work. 
  • K: I would go crazy if I had the same routine each day.
  • D: I like routine. I go crazy when my routine changes.
  • K: Everyone is different.

 

NEW SKILL

Using the verb go. 📘

  • go online
  • go bald
  • go crazy
  • go abroad
  • go bowling

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and below with your tutor. 📘

daily 📘
routine 📘
online 📘
bald 📘
crazy 📘
abroad 📘
bowling 📘
arrive 📘
watch 📘
finish 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-25-11

 

EXERCISE

Daily Routine – Read the actions and put them in the correct order 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.31.37.png

 

 

Match the “go expression” with the correct sentence. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-32-18

 

 

Discussion Questions

  • Describe your daily routine.
  • Have you traveled abroad?
  • What do you do when you go online?
  • What makes you go crazy?

Lesson 18: The Weather

fall-season_fyILVnwd.jpg

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: It’s chilly today in San Francisco.
  • D: It’s always cold here, no matter which season.
  • K: It’s true. I miss hot weather.
  • D: We should move to Brazil.

Tip: You can say fall or autumn. They are the same. 📘

 

 

NEW SKILL

Using adjectives to describe the weather. 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.16.27.png

Sample sentences:

  • It is sunny.
  • It is snowy.
  • It is windy.
  • It is rainy.
  • It is partly cloudy.
  • It is cloudy.

 

Using adjectives to describe the temperature. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-18-28

Sample sentences:

  • It is hot.
  • It is cold.
  • It is warm.
  • It is freezing.
  • it is chilly.

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and below with your tutor. 📘

sunny 📘
rainy 📘
snowy 📘
windy 📘
cloudy 📘
partly cloudy 📘
hot 📘
warm 📘
cool 📘
cold 📘

 

 

EXERCISE

Answer the question using an adjective to describe the weather. (your country) 📘

  • What is the temperature in summer? It is warm.
  • What is the temperature in fall?  _________________.
  • What is the temperature in winter? ___________________.
  • What is the temperature in winter? ___________________.
  • What is the temperature in spring? _______________________.

 

 

 

Use the thermometer in the picture above. Answer the question using an adjective to describe the temperature. 📘

  • The temperature is 38 C. It is hot.
  • The temperature is 20 C. ____________.
  • The temperature is 2 C. _____________.
  • The temperature is 13 C. ____________.
  • The temperature is -10 C. ____________.

 

Which season is it? 📘

  • It is snowy. It is winter.
  • It is hot. _____________.
  • It is cool and rainy. _______________.
  • It is hot and sunny. _______________.
  • It is cold. ______________.

 

 

 

Fill in the blank with the correct adjective for the weather. 📘

 

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.21.38.png

  • Monday afternoon will be cloudy.
  • Sunday morning will be  ________.
  • Friday midday will be  __________.
  • Thursday midday will be  ________ and _________.
  • Tuesday afternoon will be  __________.

 

Discussion Questions

  • What is summer like in your country?
  • What is winter like in your country?
  • What is the weather like today in your city?
  • Ask your tutor what the weather is like in her/his city.

 

(Image source: 1. http://ep.yimg.com/ay/yhst-34659478395497/seasons-wheel-2.gif, 2. https://www.pinterest.com/JohnGMax/esl-workshop)

Lesson 17: Telling the Time

Clock

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: What time should we meet today?
  • D: Let’s meet at 2:30pm.
  • K: You’re always late. Should I plan on 3:00pm?
  • D: I’m on Brazilian time!
  • K: In that case, I will come at 4:00pm.

 

 

 

NEW SKILL & VOCABULARY

Using phrasal verbs. A group of words that functions as a verb and is made up of a verb and a preposition, adverb, or both. 📘

 

Time of the day 📘

  • morning – 00:01 am to 11:59 am 📘
  • afternoon – 12:00 pm to 5:00 pm 📘
  • evening – 5:01 pm to 8:00 pm 📘
  • night – 8:01 pm to 12:00 am 📘
  • noon – 12:00 pm 📘
  • midnight – 12:00 am 📘
  • am – the hours between midnight and noon 📘
  • pm – the hours between noon and midnight 📘

 

How to ask for the time. 📘

  • What time is it? 📘
  • What is the time? 📘
  • Could you tell me the time, please? (polite) 📘

 

Screenshot 2016-12-22 16.06.38.png

EXERCISE

Practice using “past” and “to”. Write it in a sentence. “It is ________. 📘

  • 12:35 – It is thirty-five past twelve.
  • 9:15 –  _______________________.
  • 1:45 –  _______________________.
  • 4:05 –  _______________________.
  • 3:30 –  _______________________.

 

 

Answer the questions with the time using numbers. 📘

  • What time do you go to bed? I go to bed at 11:00 pm.
  • What time do you wake up? _____________________.
  • What time do you get up? _______________________.
  • What time do you go to work/school? ___________________.
  • What time do you eat lunch? _____________________.

 

Answer the questions with the time using words. 📘

  • What time can you check in? I can check in at twelve o’clock.
  • What time will you check out?  _________________________.
  • Could you tell me the time, please?  _____________________.
  • What time did the plane take off?  _______________________.
  • What time did you get up this morning? __________________.

 

 

What time of day is it? 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-16-05-33

 

Discussion Questions

  • What time do you wake up?
  • What is your favorite time of the day? Why?
  • What time do you eat dinner?
  • What time does the sunset in the winter? In the summer?

Lesson 16: Looks

Happy group of people standing together

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: You look so much like your mom.
  • D: Yes, we both are tall with long black hair.
  • K: I also look a lot like my father.
  • D: Good thing you have more hair.
  • K: For now…

 

NEW SKILL

Using “can” and “cannot.” 📘

  1. “Can” is used to express ability or to say that something is possible. 📘
  2. “Can” is the same for all subjects. We don’t add an ‘S’ in the third person (like other verbs). 📘
    • I can speak English.
    • He can swim well.
    • We can see our neighbor.
    • They can play the guitar.

 

Using the negative

To form the negative, we add “not” after can to form one word: cannot. 📘

We can also contract the negative to form can’t. (can’t = cannot). 📘

  • I cannot play the piano. I can’t play the piano.
  • She cannot speak English. She can’t speak English.

 

Asking questions

To form a question, we can move the “can” to near the beginning of the sentence.

  • Where can I buy an ice-cream? (from “I can buy an ice-cream”)
  • Can I go to the party, please? (from “I can go to the party.”)
  • Can you speak English? (from “I can speak English”)
  • What can we do on Saturday? (from “I can do something on Saturday.”)

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary below with your tutor. 📘

  • Height: short, medium height, tall 📘
  • Build: skinny, thin, slender, average, overweight, fat 📘
  • Hair color: black, brown, blonde, red, grey/gray 📘
  • Type of hair: short, long, medium length, bald 📘
  • Eye color: blue, green, brown, dark 📘
  • Age: young, middle-aged, old 📘

 

EXERCISE

Answer the questions with “can” or “cannot” (can’t) 📘

  • What languages can you speak? I can speak English and Spanish.
  • Can you swim? _____________________________.
  • Can you play the piano? ______________________.
  • Where can you buy Coca Cola? ___________________.
  • Can you cook? _______________________.

 

Fill in the blanks with the correct word: “can” or “cannot” (can’t). 📘

  • A dog can walk. It can’t fly.
  • A child can’t work. An adult _____ work.
  • You _____ buy milk at the supermarket. You ____ buy milk at the gas station.
  • Airplanes can fly in the sky. Airplanes ____ fly in the sea.
  • A cat can’t bark. A cat ____ meow.

 

 

Describe the height, eye color, and type of hair of the following people. 📘

  • Describe your looks. I am tall. I have green eyes. I have short hair.
  • Describe the looks of your best friend. ________.  _______. _______.
  • Describe the looks of your dad. __________. __________. _________.
  • Describe the looks of your uncle. _________. _________. _________.
  • Describe the looks of your cousin. ________. _________. _________.

 

 

Describe the looks of the person in the picture. Use “He/She  has/is ___.”📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 15.52.41.png

 

Discussion Questions

  • Describe how you look.
  • Describe how your mother looks.
  • Describe what your best friend looks like.
  • Would you like to change your appearance? How?

 

(Image Source: 1. http://www.slideshare.net/aniturra/physical-appearance-power-point-8860714, 2. http://ingles8.webnode.es/topics/third-semester/)

Lesson 15: Months of the Year

Marking The Calendar

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: Which month were you born in?
  • D: I was born in February.
  • K: It’s January. Your birthday is coming soon!
  • D: Don’t remind me. I’m getting old.
  • K: You can always lie about your age.
  • D: In that case, I was born in December.

 

 

NEW SKILL

Using the verb “come.” Here are a few examples: 📘

  • come early
  • come late
  • come on time
  • come first
  • come last

 

Using Verbs 📘

Normally in the present tense, we add S to the end of the verb in the 3rd person (he, she, it). 📘

come / comes give / gives

Examples:

  • January comes before February.
  • Dorothy gives money.

 

 

Special cases 📘

Irregular verbs in English in the present tense follow simple rules. The only change that is made to these verbs is in the third person for he, she or it. 📘

If the verb ends in SS, X, CH, SH or the letter O, we add ‘ES’ in the third person. 📘

do / does kiss / kisses fix / fixes wash / washes catch / catches

 

Examples:

  • Kevin does his laundry.
  • She kisses her husband.
  • He fixes the car.
  • The hairdresser washes hair.
  • The dog likes to play. It catches the ball.

 

If the verb ends in a Consonant ‘Y’, we remove the Y and  ‘IES’ in the third person. 📘

carry / carries study / studies

Examples:

  • My brother carries his books.
  • Dorothy studies every night.

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and expressions below with your tutor. 📘

come 📘
carry 📘
before 📘
after 📘
study 📘
catch 📘
fix 📘
wash 📘
on time 📘
hair 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 15.01.29.png

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct month. 📘

  • May comes after April.
  • July comes before  ___________.
  • __________ comes before October.
  • June comes after _________.
  • __________ comes after February.

 

Use the correct form of the present tense verb. 📘

  • He studies after dinner. (study)
  • They ________ their car. (wash)
  • Kevin _______ on time. (come)
  • She ________ a lot of work. (do)
  • The man _________ computers. (fix)

 

Does the sentence use the correct form of come? Answer with “yes” or “no.” If it is incorrect, say or write it correctly. 📘

  • Dorothy always comes last. Yes, Dorothy always comes last.
  • We usually come on time. __  _________________
  • The train come early. __  _________________
  • Please, do not comes late. __  _________________
  • They sometimes come first. __  _________________

 

Fill in the correct month of the year. If needed, use the photo above with months of the year. 📘

  • The 4th month of the year is April
  • The 10th month of the year is ___________.
  • The 2nd month of the year comes after ___________.
  • The 8th month of the year comes before __________.
  • ___________ comes before the 2nd month of the year.

 

 

 

Discussion Questions

  • When is your birthday?
  • Which is your favorite month? Why?
  • Which is your least favorite month? Why?
  • Describe the last time you were late to meet a friend.

(Image source: http://www.real-english.com/reo/8-d/8d-1.asp)

Lesson 14: Days of the Week

Marking The Calendar

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: Monday’s are terrible.
  • D: I can’t wait until Friday.
  • K: We still have Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday before Friday.
  • D: I already miss the weekend.
  • K: I feel this way every Monday.

 

 

NEW SKILL

Possessive pronouns and adjectives 📘

Read the diagram out loud with your tutor.

Screenshot 2016-12-22 14.47.24.png

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and expressions below with your tutor. 📘

weekend 📘
yesterday 📘
today 📘
tomorrow 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-14-46-24

 

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct day of the week. 📘

  • Yesterday was Friday. Today is Saturday.
  • Today is Wednesday. Tomorrow will be ___________.
  • Tomorrow will be Monday. Today is __________.
  • Today is Friday. Yesterday was __________.
  • Tomorrow will be Sunday. Yesterday was _________.

 

Choose the correct pronoun in the sentence. 📘

  • His/He dog is small.
  • It/Its has a new bone.
  • My/We are noisy.
  • Their/They bird is full of feathers.
  • I/Your weekend starts tomorrow.

 

Put the days of the week in the correct order (assume a week starts on Sunday) 📘

  • Monday, Sunday, Friday, Tuesday – Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Friday
  • Saturday, Tuesday, Friday, Wednesday – ________________________
  • Friday, Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday – __________________________
  • Monday, Sunday, Saturday, Friday – ____________________________
  • Friday, Thursday, Wednesday, Tuesday – ________________________

 

Is the sentence correct? Answer with yes or no. If it is incorrect, say or write it correctly. 📘

  • I dog is slow. No   Correct: My dog is slow.
  • She has a bird. __  __________________
  • Their are noisy. __  __________________
  • We dog has a bone. __  __________________
  • Your house is small. __  __________________

 

Discussion Questions

  • What is your favorite day of the week? Why?
  • What do you like to do on the weekends?
  • What do you do on the weekdays?
  • What is your least favorite day of the week? Why?

Lesson 13: Clothes

Consumers shopping for clothes

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: What are you wearing today? 📘
  • D: I am wearing a blouse and skirt. What are you wearing? 📘
  • K: I am wearing jeans and a polo shirt. 📘
  • D: Make sure you wear a jacket.  📘

 

NEW SKILL

Using the indefinite articles “a” and “an.” Review the image below.📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 14.22.57.png

 

We use A/AN with: 📘

Singular nouns and the first time we refer to a person, animal or thing. 📘

  • a child
  • an elephant
  • a television

 

What is the difference between A and AN? 📘

A is used when the next word begins with a consonant sound (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k etc). 📘

  • a book
  • a table
  • a clock
  • a university (because the beginning of university sounds like YOU-niversity)

 

AN is used when the next word begins with a vowel sound (a, e, i, o, u). 📘

  • an apple
  • an elephant
  • an umbrella
  • an hour (because the H is silent)

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and expressions below with your tutor. 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 14.07.05.png

 

EXERCISE

Is the correct indefinite article being used in the sentences (a/an)? Answer yes or no. 📘

  • I have a egg. No
  • An child makes noise. __
  • There is an university in London. __
  • You need an umbrella. __
  • Did you make a mistake? __

 

Fill in the blank with the correct clothes. Choose the correct indefinite article a, an, or no article. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-14-41-55

 

 

Choose the correct clothes. Use the photo of clothes above to help. 📘

  • I wear socks/cap on my feet.
  • I wear a tank top/coat when it is cold.
  • I wear slippers/sneakers to exercise.
  • I wear a skirt/sweatpants to work.
  • I wear a sunglasses/tie with my suit.

 

Discussion Questions

  • Describe the clothes you’re wearing today.
  • Describe the clothes your tutor is wearing.
  • What do you wear to work/school?
  • What would you wear to a wedding?

 

Lesson 12: How to Ask Questions

questions-or-answers-directions-on-a-signpost_fJMxZSP_.jpg

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: What is your name? 📘
  • D: My name is Dorothy. 📘
  • K: Where do you live? 📘
  • D: I live in San Francisco. 📘
  • K: When can you start working? 📘
  • D: I can work tomorrow. 📘
  • K: Which do you like better: pizza or pasta? 📘
  • D: I like pizza better. 📘
  • K: How old are you? 📘
  • D: I am thirty years old. 📘
  • K: Why are you nervous? 📘
  • D: I am shy. 📘
  • K: Who is your best friend? 📘
  • D: My best friend is Noreen. 📘

 

NEW SKILL

Using question words: who, where, what, when, why, which, and how 📘

  • What is your name?
  • Where do you live?
  • When can you work?
  • Which do you like better: pizza or pasta?
  • How old are you?
  • Why are you nervous?
  • Who is your best friend?

 

Using adjectives to describe feelings. Adjectives are used to describe a noun or pronoun. 📘

Read the diagram out loud with your tutor.

Screenshot 2016-12-22 13.26.11.png

 

Example sentences:

  • I am surprised. 📘
  • We are upset. 📘
  • Dorothy is shy. 📘
  • She is happy. 📘
  • They are sad. 📘
  • You are angry. 📘
  • Kevin is crazy. 📘

 

 

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the correct question word. 📘

  • How are you feeling? (How or Who)
  • ____ are you doing? (Which or What)
  • ____ color do you like, red or blue? (When or Which)
  • ____ are you leaving for vacation? (Who or When)
  • ____ are you calling? (Which or Who)

 

 

Fill in the blank with the correct adjective about feelings. 📘

  • I am alone. I feel lonely. (crazy or lonely).
  • She is depressed. She feels  _________. (sad or happy).
  • He is shy. He feels __________. (jealous or nervous).
  • We are mad. We feel ________. (upset or shy).
  • You are on vacation. You feel (happy or sad).

 

Match the question word with the correct explanation. 📘

What? specific thing person
Who? ____________ way
How? ____________ time
When? ____________ specific thing
Where? ____________ place

 

Make a sentence to describe the smiley face feeling. Use the pronoun “I” and the vocabulary list above. 📘

screenshot-2016-12-22-13-36-59

 

Discussion Questions

  • When was the last time you felt angry?
  • When was the last time you felt sad?
  • How would you describe your personality?
  • How would you describe your mom?

 

 

(Image Source:  https://www.pinterest.com/pin/541980136390588850/)

Lesson 11: Frequency

graphicstock-runner-runs-on-the-street-on-crosswalk-full-lenght-front-photo_SUZdodQd2e.jpg

DIALOGUE

Practice by reading the dialogue with your tutor. After you are done, switch roles and do it again! 📘

  • K: I usually walk. What about you?
  • D: I walk sometimes. I never run.
  • K: I rarely run. I like to drive.
  • D: We are both so lazy!

 

 

NEW SKILL

Using adverbs of frequency 📘

Screenshot 2016-12-22 13.13.53.png

Examples:

  • She never walks. 📘
  • He always runs. 📘
  • I drive often. 📘

 

 

VOCABULARY

Go over the vocabulary and expressions below with your tutor. 📘

frequency 📘
walk 📘
run 📘
drive 📘
need 📘
talk 📘
like 📘

 

 

EXERCISE

Fill in the blank with the main verb or infinitive verb. 📘

  • We like to walk. (like or to like)
  • I need ______. (to walk or walk)
  • You always _____. (to drive or drive)
  • They like _______. (run or to run)
  • We never  ______. (talk or to talk)

 

Make a sentence using these words. 📘

  • (often, run, we) We run often. (Another example: We often run.)
  • (to, like, talk, I) ____________________________.
  • (you, to, normally, drive, like) ________________.
  • (need, walk, to, they) _______________________.
  • (always, run, to, like, we) ____________________.

 

Rewrite the sentence using the adverb of frequency in the correct place. 📘

  • He runs. (usually) He usually runs.
  • You like to drive. (never)  _______________.
  • Dorothy walks. (always) ________________.
  • Kevin likes to talk. (sometimes) ______________.
  • I talk. (often) _______________.

 

Make a sentence using these words. 📘

  • (need, to, we, drive, usually) We usually need to drive.
  • (never, I, to, like, run) _____________________________.
  • (they, occasionally, talk, to, need) ___________________.
  • (drive, needs, to, always, she) ______________________.
  • (likes, Kevin, to, walk, seldom) ______________________.

 

 

Discussion Questions

  • How often do you exercise?
  • How often do you use Cambly?
  • What are things you do every day?
  • What are things you normally do to prepare for bed?