3-3. Am I smart or hardworking?

Warm-up

Repeat after the tutor. 

  • Start now or give up.
  • Study or sleep.
  • Call me, or I will call you.
  • Come here, or I will go there.
  • Take a bus or take a taxi.
  • Take a nap or go home.
  • Eat now or eat later.
  • Eat this chicken or order something else.
  • Exercise or don’t eat.
  • Buy this computer, or I will buy it.
  • She can ask Ava, or I can help her.
  • We can call your mom, or you can apologize to Amy.
  • We are going to work today or we are going to work tomorrow.
  • You should take vitamin C or you should take vitamin B.
  • Is she a singer or is she a dancer?

Notes

Here are some grammar tips. 

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition
déjà vu (n) the feeling that you have already experienced something that is actually happening for the first time.
After a year had gone past, entering the room gave me a sense of déjá vu.
sensation (n) a particular feeling or effect that your body experiences
When the bee stung her, she had a prickling sensation in her arm.
judgment (n) an opinion or decision that is based on careful thought.
After careful consideration, the team made a judgment on the direction for the project.
judge a book by its cover (phrasal verb) to know what someone or something is like by only looking at the appearance
When her mom saw the girl ignore the elderly man, she told her not to judge a book by its cover.
decrease (v) to become smaller or make something smaller in size, amount, number, etc.
With the change in staff, the team’s profits decreased by 3%.
select (v) to choose (someone or something) from a group
The teacher asked the students to select the correct answer.

(adj) chosen from a group to include the best people or things
The girl was one of the select few chosen participants.

decide (v) to make a choice about (something): to choose (something) after thinking about it
With the storm on its way, they had to decide if the event would be canceled.
alternative (adj) offering or expressing a choice: not usual or traditional
We took an alternative route to avoid the traffic.
eat in (phrasal verb) to dine at home
To save money, we decided to eat in tonight.
expand (v) to increase in size, range or amount: to become bigger
The bookstore may expand into a two-story building.

Exercise

Go over the following exercise with your tutors. 

  1. Make a sentence.
    1. pay / or / can / you / now / later / can / pay / you / .
    2. you / or / him / can / hire /  I / can / him / hire / .
    3. a cop / is / he /  is / he / a soldier / or /?
    4. do / like / dogs / you / or /  you / like / do /cats / ?
    5. play / do / you / or / basketball / do / play / baseball / you / ?
  2. Correct the following sentences. 
    1. Eat this chicken or order.
    2. Take a nap or you go home.
    3. We can call your mom or you apologize to Amy.
    4. Is she a singer or she is a dancer?
    5. Buy this computer or I will it.
  3. Answer the following questions.
    1. Do you prefer to read or do you prefer to write?
    2. What are two things that you often have to decide between?
    3. When you’re at a restaurant, what are two foods you often have to decide between?
  4. (Homework) Write a paragraph.
    1. Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
    2. Déjà vu: Have you ever truly felt déjà vu, the sensation that you’ve already had the experience you’re currently having?
    3. Judgment day: If you were to judge your favorite book by its cover, would you still read it?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

3-4. I am tired so don’t call me

Warm-up

Repeat after the tutor. 

  • I am cool so I have many friends.
  • I am studying so I will call you later.
  • I am still a student so I am studying hard.
  • I am your friend so don’t shoot me.
  • I’m going to sleep now, so don’t wake me up.
  • I am not wearing my glasses so I can’t see anything.
  • She is my mother, so I love her.
  • She was sick so she saw a doctor.
  • We are brothers so let’s not fight.
  • We are running so we are thirsty.
  • It’s raining, so let’s wait.
  • I know everything, so don’t lie.
  • He lied to us, so we fired him.
  • They fired me, so I sued them.
  • He looked smart, so they hired him.

Notes

Here are some grammar tips. 

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition
consequence (n) something that happens a result of a particular action or set of conditions
If you misbehave in the store, there will be consequences.
joy (n) a feeling of great happiness
They were filled with joy when he came home.
tear of joy (n) to cry with positive emotion
She cried tears of joy when she got the job.
trade (n) the activity or process of buying, selling or exchanging goods or services
Selling cars was his trade.

(v) to give something to someone and receive something in return
During the holiday season, many people trade gifts.

effect (n) a change that results when something is done or happens
Increased profits was a positive effect of the staff changes.

(v) to make something happen
They were trying to effect an agreement between the two parties.

react (v) to behave or change in a particular way
She didn’t expect him to react that way.
explain (v) to make something clear or easy to understand
The student asked the teacher to explain the rules again.
aim (v)) to point at a target
He told me to aim the bow at the target.

(n)a goal or purpose
The aim of the project was to build profits.

get things rolling (phrasal verb) to set something in motion: to begin
The boss wanted to get things rolling with a brainstorm session.
motivate (v) to give (someone) a reason for doing something
Our coach wanted to motivate our team before the game.

Exercise

Go over the following exercise with your tutors. 

  1. Make a sentence.
    1. my / her / she / is / so / I / love / mother / .
    2. we / are / not / so / let’s / fight / brothers / .
    3. him / lied / us / he / we / so / to / fired / .
    4. wait / raining / it’s / so / let’s / .
    5. I / don’t / to / am / sleep / now / me / so / wake / going / up / .
  2. Correct the following sentences. 
    1. She was sick so she saw a doctor.
    2. I am not wearing my glasses so I can’t see anything.
    3. I am studying so I will call you later.
    4. I know everything so don’t lie.
    5. We are running so we are thirsty.
  3. Answer the following questions.
    1. Explain what would happen if you didn’t go to work.
    2. What is a result of going to the doctor?
    3. How could you describe why you would go to the kitchen?
  4. (Homework) Write a paragraph.
    1. Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
    2. Happy happy joy joy: We cry for lots of reasons: sadness, pain, fear . . . and happiness. When was the last time you shed tears of joy?
    3. Trading spaces: Have you ever wondered what it would be like to be a member of the opposite sex for a day? What do you think life would be like?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

3-5. I’m glad that you like it

Warm-up

Repeat after the tutor. 

  • I am sorry that I am late.
  • I am glad that you like it.
  • She is excited that today is her birthday.
  • We are happy that you are our son.
  • We are shocked that he is 90.
  • We are depressed that tomorrow is Monday.
  • My mother was angry that I lied to her.
  • It’s amazing that you are studying English.
  • I know that you like English.
  • I didn’t know that she was our CEO.
  • He said that he broke your calculator.
  • We can’t believe that this lesson is free.
  • Are you happy that I am your husband?
  • Do you know that tomorrow is the last day?
  • Can you believe that English is easy?

Notes

Here are some grammar tips. 

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition
subordinate (adj) less important than someone or somebody else.
The cadets are subordinate to the captains.
exile (n) a situation in which you are forced to leave your country or home and go live in another country.
He went into exile in another country to avoid the danger in his home country.
captor (n) someone who has captured a person and is keeping that person as prisoner
The group fought their captors and escaped the building.
supply (n) the amount of something that is available to be used
The supply of stuffed bears was low due to its popularity. (v) to make something available to be used: to provide someone or something with
You’ll have to supply your own food for the trip.
odd (adj) strange or unusual: different from what is normal or expected
She has some odd habits
vocab6 (v) def6
e.g. example
anxious (adj) afraid or nervous especially about what may happen
She was anxious about receiving the surgery results.
cranky (adj) easily annoyed or angered
Without coffee, the boss was usually in a cranky mood in the morning.
come over (phrasal verb) to make a social visit to someone: to change from one side to the other in a disagreement
He asked me to come over after work to finish up the project.
company (n) a business organization that makes, buys or sells goods or provides services in exchange for money: the state or condition of being with another person.
She began her own cupcake company with her grandma’s recipes.

Exercise

Go over the following exercise with your tutors. 

  1. Make a sentence.
    1. are / that / our / happy / you / are / we / son / .
    2. English / it’s / studying / that / you / are / amazing / .
    3. it / you / am / glad / I / like / that / .
    4. husband / are / happy / I / am / your / that / you / ?
    5. 90 / shocked / is / we / are / that / he / .
  2. Correct the following sentences. 
    1. She is exciting that today is her birthday
    2. I know that you like to English.
    3. Can you believe that English easy?
    4. We depressed that tomorrow is Monday.
    5. We can’t believe that this lessons is free.
  3. Answer the following questions.
    1. What is something you just can’t believe?
    2. What is something that makes you happy?
    3. How do you know that you are learning? 
  4. (Homework) Write a paragraph.
    1. Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
    2. Five a day: You’ve being exiled to a private island, and your captors will only supply you with five foods. What do you pick?
    3. Odd couple: Does a messy home (or office) make you anxious and cranky, or is cleaning something you just do before company comes over?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

3-6. I like you because you’re sweet

Warm-up

Repeat after the tutor. 

  • I am working because I need money.
  • I am tired because I worked too hard.
  • I was sensitive because I was tired.
  • We are not going to study because today is Friday.
  • I fell because you pushed me.
  • I don’t like cucumber because it tastes weird.
  • They promoted me because I was smart.
  • We fired him because he was lazy.
  • I have to exercise because I am fat.
  • You have to hurry because tomorrow is the last day.
  • She had to leave because she has a test tomorrow.
  • Are you upset because I forgot your birthday?
  • Do you like me because I’m funny?
  • Did you help her because she was poor?
  • Did you buy this sofa because you liked the design?

Notes

Here are some grammar tips. 

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition
become of (v) to happen to
I don’t know what has become of him after school ended.
prized (adj) very valuable or important
These baseballs are some of my most prized possessions.
possession (n) something that is owned or possessed by someone
Her grandmother’s ring was the girl’s most precious possession
incredibly (adv) extremely good, great or large
His feet grew incredibly large in the past year.
attached to (adj) emotionally connected: having strong feelings of affection
Her daughter became very attached to the stray cat.
logic (n) a proper or reasonable way of thinking about or understanding something
There was no logic to his reasoning in the proposal.
excuse (v) to forgive someone for making a mistake or doing something wrong
Please excuse his rudeness at dinner.

(n) a reason that you give to explain a mistake or bad behavior
She had no excuse for being late to class.

rationale (n) the reason or explanation for something
He described the rationale behind his decision to leave the company.
infer (v) to form an opinion from evidence: to reach a conclusion based on known facts
Based on the evidence presented, he wanted to infer that he was guilty.
carry over (phrasal verb) to continue to exist or be seen in another place or situation
His work frustration didn’t carry over to his home life.

Exercise

Go over the following exercise with your tutors. 

  1. Make a sentence.
    1. wanted / was / she / to / go / I / because / .
    2. were / They / sad / left / because / she / .
    3. cold / was / no / She / because / had / she / socks / .
    4. he / go / to / ready / He / because / was / wanted / . 
    5. stopped / She / she / scared / was / because / .
  2. Correct the following sentences. 
    1. She went ahead because knew the way.
    2. Did you buy the shirt because looked good in it?
    3. Bring it back because you wanted to?
    4. We wanted to go get tickets, because we bought them.
    5. Is she there because is there? 
  3. Answer the following questions.
    1. What made you want to start this lesson? 
    2. Why would you go to the store today? 
    3. What is a reason why you would be happy? 
  4. (Homework) Write a paragraph.
    1. Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
    2. The social network: Do you feel like you “get” social media, or do you just use it because that’s where all your friends and family are?
    3. Prized possession: Describe an item you were incredibly attached to as a child. What became of it?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

3-7. He’s bored because of you.

Warm-up

Repeat after the tutor. 

  • I am late because of my homework.
  • I am studying math because of my father.
  • I am living in Australia because of my business.
  • He is working every day because of his debts.
  • We are excited because of the musical.
  • Jake fell because of my mistake.
  • We got fired because of your mistake.
  • I failed the test because of my friend.
  • We arrived late because of the car accident.
  • Is it because of me?
  • Is she happy because of her success?
  • Are you sad because of your score?
  • Are they running because of the rain?
  • Are they laughing because of your joke?
  • Did they sue you because of their loss?

Notes

Here are some grammar tips. 

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition
escape (v) to get away from a place where you are being held or kept
When the boat started to sink, the crew needed to escape.
ultimate (adj) happening or coming at the end of a process: greatest or most extreme
Their ultimate travel location on their trip was France.
transport (v) to carry (someone or something) from one place to another
The buses from the hotel transport people to the airport for their flight.
sensation (n) a particular feeling or effect that your body experiences
When the bee stung her, she had a prickling sensation in her arm.
recall (v) to remember something from the past: to ask or order something be returned
I don’t recall what time the teacher was arriving to class.
aware (adj) knowing that something (such as a situation, condition or problem) exists
I was aware that we didn’t meet our sales goal.
thrill (n) a feeling of great excitement or happiness
The thrill of the roller coaster ride kept me awake.
nostalgia (n) pleasure or sadness that is caused by remembering something from the past and wishing that you could experience it again
I felt a sense of nostalgia when I walked into my childhood room.
perceive (v) to notice or become aware of something
I perceived that she had been upset due to her red eyes.
scheme (n) a clever and often dishonest plan to do or get something
They planned a scheme to cheat people out of their paychecks.

Exercise

Go over the following exercise with your tutors. 

  1. Make a sentence.
    1. teacher / The / student / of / the / because / smiled / .
    2. sick / He / got / cold / of / because / the / . 
    3. dinner / She / plans / his / of / because / made / . 
    4. missed / I / bus / because / the / him / of / .
    5. earned / because / more / I / comments / of / her / . 
  2. Correct the following sentences.
    1. The girl went shopping because the sale.
    2. He sent it back, because of the price.
    3. She failed the quiz because of she didn’t study.
    4. The teacher decided to read, of her extra time.
    5. The computer shut down, because of the cold weather.
  3. Answer the following questions.
    1. What is a reason why the grass is green? 
    2. What is a reason why someone would arrive late to a meeting? 
    3. Why would someone need boots? 
  4. (Homework) Write a paragraph.
    1. Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
    2. Escape! Describe your ultimate escape plan (and tell us what you’re escaping from).
    3. The transporter :Tell us about a sensation — a taste, a smell, a piece of music — that transports you back to childhood.

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

3-8. I’ve learned a lot thanks to you

Warm-up

Repeat after the tutor. 

  • My son is walking again thanks to the medicine.
  • The singer is safe thanks to her bodyguards.
  • He’s living happily thanks to his wife.
  • We are breathing thanks to these trees.
  • I speak good English thanks to Cambly.
  • I passed thanks to your help.
  • She passed the interview thanks to tutor’s help.
  • My job has become easier thanks to this new software.
  • He has become a superstar thanks to his rapping skills.
  • I’ve learned many things thanks to you.
  • The plane didn’t crash thanks to the smart pilot.
  • The patient didn’t die thanks to the doctors.
  • We can live longer thanks to this new technology.
  • We could do it thanks to your love and support.
  • I could escape thanks to this special tool.

Notes

Here are some grammar tips. 

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition
scroll down (phrasal verb) to move text or images of a Web page, document, etc. on a computer screen so that you can see all of it
You may need to scroll down to read all of the article.
work into (phrasal verb) to add or include something in something
She should work more vegetables into her diet.
compose (v) to add together to form or make something: to make yourself calm
Take a moment to compose yourself before answering the call.
brainstorm (v) to try to solve a problem by talking with other people: to discuss a problem and suggest solutions
The team needed to brainstorm ideas on how to solve the problem.
scribble (v) to write something quickly in a way that makes it difficult to read.
Since she was in a hurry, she scribbled down the list.
fiction (n) written stories about people and events that are not real: something that is not true
The author mainly writes fiction stories.
chronicle (n) a description of events in the order that they happened
The book described the chronicle of World War II.
record (n) an official document that gives proof of something or tells about past events: a performance or achievement that is the best of its kind
He had to look at the criminal’s record to know his history. (v) to write something down so that it can be used or seen again in the future
You should record any questions you may have.
memoir (n) a written account in which someone describes past experiences
The author’s new book is a memoir about her life in poverty
admire (v) to feel respect or approval for someone or something
I really admire your willingness to learn.

Exercise

Go over the following exercise with your tutors. 

  1. Make a sentence.
    1. thanks / your / tickets / to / go / He / could / . 
    2. passed / He / help / your / to / thanks / .
    3. job / He / got / to / you / thanks / that / .
    4. your / learn / You / can / tutor / thanks / to / can / .
    5. won / game / We / the / him / thanks / to / .
  2. Correct the following sentences. 
    1. The team were safe thanks to your help.
    2. I was able to go thanks his tickets.
    3. She learned a lot because thanks to the lessons.
    4. You can go thanks her illness.
    5. He has became famous thanks to his acting skills.
  3. Answer the following questions.
    1. What is something that you’re thankful for?
    2. What is a reason why someone could go to school?
    3. Why could someone get a job they wanted? 
  4. (Homework) Write a paragraph.
    1. Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
    2. Share the love: Tell us about another blogger who has influenced your own online journey.
    3. Third from the top: Head to your favorite blog. Scroll down to the third post in the list. Take the third sentence in the post, and work it into a new post of your own.

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.

3-9. I quit my job to come to New York

Warm-up

Repeat after the tutor. 

  • Let’s visit her to surprise her.
  • Let’s pray to support Jane.
  • She is exercising to lose weight.
  • He is trying to open this window.
  • He is working to support his parents.
  • She is running to catch the bus.
  • I live to eat.
  • She needs my help to finish her homework.
  • I woke up early to go to school.
  • He took a taxi to go to work.
  • I have to study English to succeed in my life.
  • We have to leave now to avoid the traffic jam.
  • You have to study hard to be a doctor.
  • Is he learning English to live in America?
  • Did you wake up to have breakfast?

Notes

Here are some grammar tips. 

Vocabulary

Go over the following vocabulary and expressions with your tutor. Use the illustration above if needed.

Vocabulary/ Expressions

Expression Definition
alma mater (n) the school, college or university that someone attended
She visited her old alma mater when she was back in town.
speech (n) spoken expression of ideas, opinions, etc. that is made by someone who is speaking in front of people: the ability to speak
The crowd was in awe of the host’s speech.
look forward to (phrasal verb) to expect something with pleasure
She felt she had nothing to look forward to once she returned.
bloom (v) to produce flowers: to change, grow or develop fully
The flowers in the garden started to bloom in the spring.
harden (v) to become hard or firm: to make something hard or firm
It will take a few minutes for the frosting to harden.
blossom (v) to produce flowers: to change, grow or develop fully
When the school year started, their friendship began to blossom.
meadow (n) a usually flat area of land that is covered with tall grass
Do you want to have a picnic in the meadow over there?
scenery (n) a view of natural features that is pleasing to look at
She loved looking at the mountain scenery.
humid (adj) having a lot of moisture in the air
Her room was so humid because of the warm temperatures.
bud (n) small part that grows on a plant and develops into a flower
She couldn’t wait to see the buds grow into flowers.

Exercise

Go over the following exercise with your tutors. 

  1. Make a sentence.
    1. want / Do / to / eat / you / dinner / ?
    2. thought / he / want / would / I / go / to / .
    3. went / I / food / buy / store / the / to / to / .
    4. wanted / She / cook / nice / a / meal / to / .
    5. come / wanted / over / They / to / .
  2. Correct the following sentences. 
    1. You should go now to miss. 
    2. She wanted to visit, them at their house.
    3. He went to Paris to. 
    4. Her daughter needed help, to finish her homework.
    5. You could bake a cake bring to the party.
  3. Answer the following questions.
    1. Why would someone be running after a bus?
    2. What is a reason why you are working?
    3. Why would someone want to exercise?
  4. (Homework) Write a paragraph.
    1. Write 10 sentences using the grammar you learned today.
    2. Alma mater: You’ve been asked to speak at your high school alma mater — about the path of life. (Whoa.) Draft the speech.
    3. Turn, turn, turn :For many of us, winter is blooming into spring, or fall hardening into winter. Which season do you most look forward to?

Wrap-up

Go over any new expressions or vocabulary that you learned today.